CAIRO, August 25. /TASS/. In its response to Iran’s comments on the latest proposal by Brussels to revive the 2015 nuclear deal, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the United States rejected all of Tehran’s additional demands, Al Arabiya reported on Thursday citing a source with knowledge of the document.
The US is still pushing for a 4% limit maximum of uranium enrichment (the 3.67% limit was set out by the 2015 deal). In its response, the United States also demanded unhindered access to Iranian nuclear facilities for International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors.
In its turn, Politico reported that the US response mostly focused on the issue of economic guarantees. This relates to Tehran’s demands to have provisions prohibiting the United States from exiting the deal unilaterally, like former US President Donald Trump did, fixed in the agreement. A person cited by Politico declined to give any details, but said the US response "falls short of Iran’s expectations."
On Wednesday, US Department of State Spokesman Ned Price told reporters that Washington had concluded its review of Iran’s comments on the nuclear deal proposal put forward by the EU and responded to Brussels. Iran’s Foreign Ministry spokesman, Nasser Kanaani, said Tehran had received Washington’s response and would review it.
Talks to revive JCPOA
The JCPOA was signed between Iran and the five permanent members of the United National Security Council and Germany in 2015 to overcome the crisis around Tehran’s nuclear research effort. In 2018, then-US President Donald Trump withdrew from the deal. The incumbent US leader, Joe Biden, has repeatedly signaled he is ready to revive the deal. Russia, the UK, Germany, China, the US and France have been in talks with Iran to reinstate the original deal since April 2021.
The Wall Street Journal reported on August 11 that EU diplomats had put together the bloc’s final text to restore the Iran nuclear deal. According to the report, the EU has proposed concessions to Iran regarding an IAEA probe into unexplained uranium traces. The report said the proposal by Brussels was a step forward because the probe has been a key sticking point for the West.
On August 23, the European Union’s top diplomat Josep Borrell said in Madrid that most of the countries participating in the talks with Iran supported the EU proposal for a nuclear agreement. On Monday, he called Iran’s response to the proposal reasonable, pointing out that there was no official response from the US yet. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov told TASS on August 17 that work on restoring the JCPOA through the Vienna format had entered the final stretch.