MOSCOW, October 6. /TASS/. Russia’s President Vladimir Putin turns 70 on October 7, 2022.
Background, education, academic degree
Vladimir Putin was born in Leningrad (since September 1991 St. Petersburg) on October 7, 1952.
In 1975, Putin graduated from the Department of Law (International Law Branch) of the Leningrad State University. He underwent a retraining course of KGB operatives in Leningrad (1976) and in Moscow (1979) at the Dzerzhinsky Higher School of the KGB of the USSR. In 1985, he graduated from the Andropov Institute of the KGB of the USSR (currently the Academy of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service SVR). Academic degree — Ph.D. in Economics
In 1997, defended a thesis entitled Strategic Planning of the Mineral and Resources Base Reproduction in the Context of Emerging Free Market Economy Relations (St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region) at the St. Petersburg Mining Institute.
Career at the Soviet Union’s KGB, St. Petersburg Mayor’s Office
Upon graduation from the Leningrad State University Putin was assigned to a position in the KGB of the USSR. His first job was in the secretariat and then in the counterintelligence unit of the KGB Office for Leningrad and the Leningrad Region. After a course of studies in Moscow was transferred to Department N. 1 (foreign intelligence) of the KGB Office for Leningrad and the Leningrad Region.
In 1985, he was given an assignment at the KGB office in the German Democratic Republic and worked in Dresden up to 1990. He held positions of a senior operative, assistant and senior assistant to the chief of a section. Putin returned to the Soviet Union in January 1990.
Starting from February 1990 he worked as a foreign affairs assistant to the Leningrad State University’s rector and then, as an adviser to Leningrad’s Mayor Anatoly Sobchak.
In June 1991, Putin was appointed to chair the foreign relations committee of St. Petersburg Mayor’s Office.
In August 1991, together with other officials of the mayor’s office he came out against the State Committee on the State of Emergency. On August 20, 1991, the next day after the introduction of the state of emergency he resigned from the state security service.
In 1992, Putin took the position of St. Petersburg’s deputy mayor while retaining the post of the foreign relations committee chief. In March 1994, when Sobchak took over as the head of the city’s administration, Putin was appointed his first deputy. Later, when the posts of the head of the city administration and mayor were merged, Putin’s position was renamed to deputy mayor, chairman of the city’s foreign relations committee.
Civil service in Moscow
After Sobchak lost the mayoral election in St. Petersburg in June 1996 Putin quit his post. In August 1996, he was transferred to a position at the Russian presidential property directorate in the capacity of its deputy chief. He supervised the directorate’s department of law and foreign property-related matters. He moved to Moscow together with his family.
Starting from March 1997 — deputy chief of the presidential staff, chief of the presidential Main Control Directorate.
In May-July 1998 — first deputy chief of the presidential staff (in 1996-1997 the presidential staff was led by Anatoly Chubais and in 1997-1998 by Valentin Yumashev).
July 1998 — August 1999 — director of the Federal Security Service (FSB). Putin’s predecessor in that capacity was Nikolay Kovalyov. Simultaneously, from March to August 1999 — the Russian Security Council’s secretary.
On August 9, 1999, President Boris Yeltsin said in a televised address he had made a decision to dismiss the Sergey Stepashin-led government and asked the State Duma to endorse Vladimir Putin as Russia’s new prime minister. Yeltsin said he saw Putin as his successor and hoped that he would manage to "consolidate society". On the same day, Putin was appointed first deputy chairman of the Russian government and at the same time as acting head of the Cabinet of Ministers.
On August 16, 1999, the State Duma approved Putin’s appointment as prime minister (he received the support of 233 legislators of the 439 who participated in the voting, with 17 abstentions).
On December 31, 1999, President Boris Yeltsin declared his resignation thus placing presidential duties in Putin’s hands.
On March 26, 2000, Russia saw an early presidential election with eleven candidates taking part. Putin emerged the winner to have collected 52.94% of the votes in the first round. Communist candidate Gennady Zyuganov was second with 29.21%. The inauguration of the newly-elected president took place on May 7, 2000.
On March 14, 2004 Putin was elected for a second term to have received 71.31% in the first round (Communist candidate Nikolay Kharitonov was the runner-up with 13.69%). The inauguration followed on May 7, 2004.
From May 8, 2008 to May 7, 2012, Putin was Russia’s prime minister (his appointment was supported by 392 legislators of the 448). His predecessor was Viktor Zubkov.
In 2008-2012 Putin led the United Russia party (without being the party’s member).
On September 24, 2011, the then President Dmitry Medvedev asked the 12th national congress of the United Russia party to nominate Putin for Russia’s president again.
In the March 4, 2012 election Putin was elected president by a 63.6% majority vote in the first round. Communist Gennady Zyuganov was second with 17.18%. Putin took office on May 7, 2012. Starting from 2012 the presidential term of office was extended to six years under an amendment to the Constitution introduced on December 30, 2008.
On March 18, 2018 Putin was re-elected as Russia’s president by a 76.69% majority vote. The runner-up, Pavel Grudinin, of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, received 11.77%. On May 7, 2018 Putin took office for a term of six years.
Positions in various bodies of power
Commander-in-chief of Russia’s Armed Forces and chairman of the State Council, Security Council, Military-Industrial Commission (since September 10, 2014).
Chairman of the board of trustees of the Russian Geographic Society (since 2010) and the Lomonosov Moscow State University (since 2013), of the supervisory board of the non-profit organization Russia — Land of Opportunity (since 2019) and the Russian Movement of Children and Youth (since 2022).
Since June 12, 2013 Putin has been the leader of the non-governmental movement All-Russia People’s Front.
Military rank, decorations, books and films
Holder of nearly 20 Russian and foreign decorations and awards.
Honorary doctor of a number of Russian and foreign academies and universities.
In 2007, Time magazine named Putin Person of the Year.
In 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016 Putin featured on top of the Forbes list of most powerful persons.
In 1999, in cooperation with Vasily Shestakov and Aleksey Levitsky co-authored a book titled Learning Judo with Vladimir Putin.
In 2017, the US cable TV channel Showtime aired Oliver Stone’s documentary The Putin Interview, based on more than two dozen rendezvous with the Russian president filmed over a period of two years.
Command of foreign languages — German and English.
Vladimir Putin has two daughters
Hobbies: Alpine skiing, ice hockey, fishing.
Holder of the master of sports title in judo and sambo wrestling. Champion of Leningrad in sambo (1973) and judo (1976). In 2006, was nominated honorary president of the European Judo Union. In 2010, was awarded honorary certificate of Doctor in Judo of South Korea’s Yongin University.
Black belt in karate. In November 2014, the international organization Kyokushin-kan karate-do awarded to Putin eighth Kyokushin-kan dan.