TASS, January 24. The Tomsk State University and the Scientific Center for Arctic Studies will open a scientific base to study the Arctic climate in the Yamalo-Nenets Region, including to see how carbons in the water influences the development of the greenhouse effect, the University’s press service told TASS on Thursday.
"The Tomsk State University with support from the regional government and the Scientific Center for Arctic Studies is organizing the Se-Yaha research station in a settlement, which carries the same name - it is in a northernmost settlement in the Yamal District," the press service said. "In the area of typical and Arctic tundra, the scientists will be observing changes in the environment, and find out reasons for transformations. In addition, they will study how they affect the local residents."
In the summer of 2019, work at the station will be on various projects. Under one of them, the scientists will study bio-geo-chemistry of small rivers and lakes, where the specialists will focus first of all on concentrations of dissolved carbon. Most of Yamal's water reservoirs are in hard-to-reach areas and have not been studied thoroughly.
Besides, the researchers will examine ecosystems of lakes that have dried up because of permafrost thawing and thermo-erosion of the shore. They believe, green oases could be organized there.
The greenhouse effect is a natural process, where air temperatures on the Earth are rising as a result of heat energy, which develops from heated gases. The main gases, causing the greenhouse effect, are water vapor and carbon dioxide.