MOSCOW, October 21. /TASS/. Moscow has no doubts that Tehran is observing all aspects of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on its nuclear program, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov told the Moscow non-proliferation conference on Saturday.
"We have no doubts, Iran is fulfilling all the terms of the agreements," he said. "According to the IAEA chief, this refers to access to the facilities in Iran in the context of the Additional Protocol on guarantees."
"Almost two years of the Joint Comprehensive Plan have demonstrated that the accord works effectively and copes fully with the outlined tasks," the Russian diplomat continued. "There is no alternative to the plan of action. We do not see any reasons or opportunities to review or change it."
According to him, the JCPOA contains a fragile balance of interests "regarding fundamental issues of its participants’ security." "Any shift in this balance will spark an unavoidable collapse of the entire mechanism, and it would be impossible to assemble it in some new form," he said. "It is unrealistic to adjust the agreement, as all the issues, which required a settlement, were solved in one way or another."
"Even if this is not an ideal agreement from the point of view of a balance of interests, it is very close to being ideal," he said.
Russia is not ready to participate in just any new talks on "improving" the document, he continued. "Under the conditions, when Iran complies fully with its all obligations, we rule out any opportunity for resuming UN SC sanctions."
"It is important for us that along with the prospects that the JCPOA has opened for broad international cooperation with Iran in various fields, the agreement creates prerequisites for the IAEA to finally confirm the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear programs," he said.
The deal on Iran’s nuclear program was reached between Iran and six international mediators (the United Kingdom, Germany, China, Russia, the United States, and France) on July 14, 2015. On January 16, 2016, the parties to the deal announced the launch of its implementation. Under the deal, Iran undertakes efforts to curb its nuclear activities and place them under total control of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in exchange for the abandonment of previously-imposed sanctions by the United Nations Security Council, the European Union and the United States over its nuclear program.
Last week, US President Donald Trump announced Washington’s new strategy against Teheran. Thus, it says that the United States will seek to offset Iran’s destabilizing influence and will call on the international community to get consolidated to exert pressure on Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard (IRGC, Iran's most powerful security and military organization). Apart from that, the US blacklisted the IRGC as an organization supporting terrorism. Donald Trump refused to corroborate that Iran observed the agreement on the nuclear program and promised changes to the document.