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Capital centennial: Moscow as Russia’s seat of power for over 100 years

March 12, 16:39 UTC+3

On March 12, 1918, after 200 years of St. Petersburg’s time as Russia’s capital, the Bolsheviks returned this leading role to Moscow

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Maroseyka street, the Polytechnic Museum, one of the oldest science museums in the world, on the left, 1900
Maroseyka street, the Polytechnic Museum, one of the oldest science museums in the world, on the left, 1900
Maroseyka street, the Polytechnic Museum, one of the oldest science museums in the world, on the left, 1900
© Fotokhronika TASS
Street vendor with pies at the Red Square, 1900
Street vendor with pies at the Red Square, 1900
Street vendor with pies at the Red Square, 1900
© Fotokhronika TASS
 Passengers at the tram stop, 1910
 Passengers at the tram stop, 1910
Passengers at the tram stop, 1910
© Fotokhronika TASS
First steel Krymsky Bridge designed by Vladimir Speyer and built by Amand Struve, 1913
First steel Krymsky Bridge designed by Vladimir Speyer and built by Amand Struve, 1913
First steel Krymsky Bridge designed by Vladimir Speyer and built by Amand Struve, 1913
© Fotokhronika TASS
Passenger train at Nikolayevsky railway station, 1917
Passenger train at Nikolayevsky railway station, 1917
Passenger train at Nikolayevsky railway station, 1917
© Fotokhronika TASS
The Sukharevsky market, 1920
The Sukharevsky market, 1920
The Sukharevsky market, 1920
© Fotokhronika TASS
Village carpenters trying to earn money in Moscow, 1920
Village carpenters trying to earn money in Moscow, 1920
Village carpenters trying to earn money in Moscow, 1920
© Fotokhronika TASS
Okhotny Ryad Street, 1920
Okhotny Ryad Street, 1920
Okhotny Ryad Street, 1920
© Fotokhronika TASS/Vladimir Savostyanov
Classes in a detention center for homeless, 1926
Classes in a detention center for homeless, 1926
Classes in a detention center for homeless, 1926
© Fotokhronika TASS
A view of the Kitay-gorod wall from Novaya Square,1926. Kitay-gorod, developing as a trading area, was known as the most prestigious business districts of Moscow
A view of the Kitay-gorod wall from Novaya Square,1926. Kitay-gorod, developing as a trading area, was known as the most prestigious business districts of Moscow
A view of the Kitay-gorod wall from Novaya Square,1926. Kitay-gorod, developing as a trading area, was known as the most prestigious business districts of Moscow
© Fotokhronika TASS
A view of Sretenka street, 1932
A view of Sretenka street, 1932
A view of Sretenka street, 1932
© Fotokhronika TASS
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Maroseyka street, the Polytechnic Museum, one of the oldest science museums in the world, on the left, 1900
© Fotokhronika TASS
Street vendor with pies at the Red Square, 1900
© Fotokhronika TASS
Passengers at the tram stop, 1910
© Fotokhronika TASS
First steel Krymsky Bridge designed by Vladimir Speyer and built by Amand Struve, 1913
© Fotokhronika TASS
Passenger train at Nikolayevsky railway station, 1917
© Fotokhronika TASS
The Sukharevsky market, 1920
© Fotokhronika TASS
Village carpenters trying to earn money in Moscow, 1920
© Fotokhronika TASS
Okhotny Ryad Street, 1920
© Fotokhronika TASS/Vladimir Savostyanov
Classes in a detention center for homeless, 1926
© Fotokhronika TASS
A view of the Kitay-gorod wall from Novaya Square,1926. Kitay-gorod, developing as a trading area, was known as the most prestigious business districts of Moscow
© Fotokhronika TASS
A view of Sretenka street, 1932
© Fotokhronika TASS

On March 12, 1918, after 200 years of St. Petersburg holding this title, Moscow became the capital of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. The city ceased to be Russia’s capital in 1712, as Peter the Great moved the capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg to underline his drive to westernize the country. Take a look at the reality of life in early 20th-century Moscow captured in these TASS photographs

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