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EU, Russia have differences on situation with Crimea — EU rep

May 09, 2015, 18:40 UTC+3 BRUSSELS
"It would be better if we celebrated the victory of all allies in that conflict, were united and had identical ideas of history and historical facts," he said
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BRUSSELS, May 9. /TASS/. The European Union and Russia have differences over the situation around Crimea, a representative of the European External Action Service said Saturday.

"It would be better if we celebrated the victory of all allies in that conflict, were united and had identical ideas of history and historical facts," he said.

"When flags of Crimea wave at the Parade [of Victory in Moscow], this creates a problem because we have great differences over what happened there," the representative said.

He said representatives of all 28 EU member states came to lay wreaths to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

"All countries of the European Union very much appreciate the sacrifice and contribution Russia and other citizens made for that victory over Nazism. But I think we also need to work together not to create new dividing lines on our continent," the representative said.

Crimea's reunification with Russia

The Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, a city with a special status on the Crimean Peninsula, where most residents are Russians, refused to recognize the legitimacy of authorities brought to power amid riots during a coup in Ukraine in February 2014.

Crimea and Sevastopol adopted declarations of independence on March 11, 2014. They held a referendum on March 16, 2014, in which 96.77% of Crimeans and 95.6% of Sevastopol voters chose to secede from Ukraine and join the Russian Federation. Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the reunification deals March 18, 2014.

Despite Moscow’s repeated statements that the Crimean referendum on secession from Ukraine was in line with the international law and the UN Charter and in conformity with the precedent set by Kosovo’s secession from Serbia in 2008, the West and Kiev have refused to recognize the legality of Crimea’s reunification with Russia.

Crimea had joined the Russian Empire in 1783, when it was conquered by Russian Empress Catherine the Great.

In the Soviet Union, Crimea used to be part of Russia until 1954, when Nikita Khrushchev, the first secretary of the USSR’s Communist Party, transferred it to Ukraine's jurisdiction as a gift.

With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Crimea became part of newly independent Ukraine and remained in that capacity until March 2014, when it reunified with Russia after some 60 years as part of Ukraine.

According to the Crimean and Ukrainian statistics bodies, as of early 2014, Crimea had a population of 1,959,000 people; Sevastopol has a population of 384,000 people.

Work to integrate the Crimean Peninsula into Russia’s economic, financial, credit, legal, state power, military conscription and infrastructure systems has been actively underway since Crimea acceded to the Russian Federation.

Russia has constantly dismissed accusations of "annexing" Crimea, because Crimea reunified with Russia voluntarily after the referendum in mid-March 2014.

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