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CHISINAU, April 02, 23:45 /ITAR-TASS/. The World Bank called for further reforms in Moldova in order to shelter it from external risks.
Although the Moldovan economy grew at a record rate of 8.9 percent last year, driven by a good harvest year and increased private consumption, the economy remains vulnerable to risks linked to a volatile external environment and challenges affecting the country’s financial sector, a new World Bank Moldova Economic Update said on Wednesday, April 2.
“Because of weaknesses in the external environment and a projected slowdown in agriculture, we expect growth to decelerate to 2 percent in 2014 and stabilize at 4-4.5 percent during 2015-2017,” Qimiao Fan, World Bank Country Director for Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine, said.
The report notes that Moldova’s macroeconomic policies have been adequate and monetary policies have been consistent with the inflation target of 5+/-1.5 percent. Inflow of remittances reached a record high level in 2013, largely driven by the CIS countries, although they appear to be weaker in early 2014, as economic activity in Russia slows down. Foreign Direct Investment recovered to an estimated 2 percent of GDP. Real exports increased almost two times faster than real imports to 10.7 percent year-on-year versus 5.5 percent year-on-year. Overall, the country’s external position has been strong and enabled the accumulation of foreign exchange reserves to cover over 5 months of imports.
However Moldova remains vulnerable to a series of risks, including a possible slowdown of economic activity in its eastern neighbours and its impact through trade and remittance channels, ongoing governance and enforcement challenges in the financial sector and the potential for a disruption in macroeconomic management in light of the upcoming parliamentary elections, the document said.
“To fully reap the benefits of a robust economic performance and mitigate external and internal risks, Moldova must continue to address key challenges to growth, by improving its business climate, ensuring financial sector stability and development, enhancing equity and efficiency of public expenditures, and most importantly, improving governance,” Qimiao Fan said.
Since Moldova joined the World Bank in 1992, over 1 billion U.S. dollars has been allocated to 49 operations in the country. Currently, the World Bank portfolio includes 7 active projects with total commitments of 162.2 million U.S. dollars. Areas of support include regulatory reform and business development, education, social assistance, e-governance, healthcare, agriculture, and others. The International Finance Corporation has provided total investments in the amount of 233 million U.S. dollars in 24 projects in various sectors, and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency has provided guarantees totalling 95 million U.S. dollars. Both institutions are members of the World Bank Group. The current World Bank Group Country Partnership Strategy for Moldova includes total commitments of 570 million U.S. dollars in assistance for fiscal years 2014-2017, the World Bank said.