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Russian scientists create heat-resistant ceramics potentially withstanding 3,000 °C

September 12, 12:39 UTC+3 MOSCOW
The new breakthrough could allow temperatures in jet engine combustion chambers to increase
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© Denis Abramov/TASS

MOSCOW, September 12. / TASS/ Researchers from Tomsk State University (TSU) and the Institute of Strength Physics and Materials Science have developed ceramics resistant to extreme temperatures, the university’s press service said.

The scientists have produced multilayer ceramic with coatings consisting of silicon carbide and zirconium boride that had been previously tested. This innovation was primarily intended for space and aircraft applications. The new breakthrough would allow temperatures in jet engine combustion chambers to increase. Additionally, it would shield space landing modules when entering the atmosphere.

The new ceramics is scheduled for test runs in collaboration with the Russian Federal Space Agency. The Tomsk ceramics are slated to undergo heat tests with a plasma flow at temperatures of 2200 °C, which corresponds approximately to the working temperature of an acetylene welding torch. If the material withstands the test for the 20 seconds, then the scientists’ innovation will be considered to be on the right track. Scientists believe the object can endure temperatures of up to even 3,000 °C.

The new material could also be implemented in troubleshooting and diagnosis. The developers believe that the novel ceramic could lead to the creation of protective cases for heat sensors, where jet engine combustion chambers are measured.

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