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VIENNA, February 27. /TASS/. Russia commends the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) first report about Teheran’s implementation of its liabilities under a nuclear deal with the P5+1 group of international mediators as positive, Russia’s Permanent Representative to Vienna-based international organizations Vladimir Voronkov told TASS on Friday.
"Director Generak Yukiya Amano confirms that Teheran is observing all of its liabilities under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Iran is fully implementing provisions of the additional protocol to the agreement on IAEA guarantees and modified Code 3.1 in respect of the two future power units at Bushehr," he said.
He said the report "is well balances and meets the requirements of the agency’s resolution."
"Our first impression is positive," the Russian diplomat underscored, adding that the report means the beginning of "movement towards an extended conclusion on the absence of undeclared nuclear material or nuclear activities in Iran."
Iran and the P5+1 group of international mediators (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and Germany) signed a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on Iran’s nuclear program on July 14, 2015 in Vienna. Under the JCPOA, Iran undertakes to reduce the number of IR-1 first-generation centrifuges at the facility in Natanz from 19,000 to 6,100, of which only 5,060 will be used to enrich uranium in a period of ten years. Apart from that, Iran undertook not to manufacture weapons-grade plutonium, to have not more than 300 kilograms of 3.67% enriched uranium in a period of 15 years, to reshape nuclear facilities and use them exclusively in peaceful purposes. Enrichment activities will be allowed only at the facility in Natanz. The Fordow facility is to be reshaped to manufacture stable isotopes for industrial and medical uses. The heavy water reactor in Arak is to be overhauled to exclude weapons-grade plutonium production. All other centrifuges are to be dismantled and stored under control of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
In exchange, it was agreed that sanctions will be gradually removed from Iran. The arms embargo imposed by UN Security Council will be kept in place for five years, ban for supplying ballistic missile technologies to Iran - for eight years. Experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will monitor nuclear facilities in Iran for the next 25 years. If any points of the agreement are violated by Iran, sanctions against the country will be renewed. On July 20, the corresponding resolution on Iran’s nuclear program agreement was adopted by the United Nations Security Council.