WASHINGTON, November 5. /TASS/. The United States does not consider Crimea as part of Russia and would continue to exert pressure on Russia to have it returned back to Ukraine, Evelyn Farkas, former deputy assistant Secretary of Defence for Russia, Ukraine and Eurasia, told journalists on Wednesday.
When asked whether the U.S. administration considered Crimea’s reunification with Russia as "a fait accompli," she said, "No. It is not. It is not recognized by the international law and there was a UN resolution on it. That is an unresolved issue and the United States will continue to put pressure on Russia, obviously, primarily through sanctions."
Crimea has been a stumbling block in Russia’s relations not only with the United States but with all other Western countries. US President Barack Obama said earlier the United States would never recognize the results on Crimea’s referendum on reunification with Russia.
Amid a political crisis and the change of power in Ukraine in February 2014, Crimea’s Supreme Council (parliament) and Sevastopol’s City Council adopted on March 11, 2014 Crimea’s and Sevastopol’s declaration of independence. A referendum on reunification with Russia was held on March 16, 2014. With a record-breaking turnout of 80%, the overwhelming majority of Crimea’s and Sevastopol residents, mostly ethic Russians, (96.7 and 95.6%, respectively) voted in favour of ceding from Ukraine to join Russia. After the treaty of Crimea’s and Sevastopol’s reunification with Russia was approved by the Russian parliament, President Vladimir Putin on March 21, 2014 signed a federal law on admitting two new constituent entities in the Russian Federation.
Despite the absolutely convincing results of the referendum, Ukraine, the United States and the European Union have been refusing to recognize Crimea as a part of Russia.