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WASHINGTON, July 15. /TASS/. Agreement reached between the P5+1 group of international mediators and Iran is a "historic breakthrough for nuclear nonproliferation and international security," US Arms Control Association said in a report on Tuesday.
"The agreement - known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action - establishes a strong and effective formula for blocking all of the pathways by which Iran could acquire material for nuclear weapons and promptly detecting and deterring possible efforts by Iran to covertly pursue nuclear weapons in the future," the national nonpartisan-membership organization said.
The association’s experts say that the deal "is clearly in the interest of both the United States, its allies and partners in the Middle East, Iran, and the international community." "When implemented, the P5+1 and Iran agreement will establish long-term, verifiable restrictions on Iran's sensitive nuclear fuel cycle activities - many of these restrictions will last for 10 years, some for 15 years, and some for 25 years," the report reminded.
"Just as importantly, the agreement will put in place a layered monitoring regime, which will include very robust International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspections under Iran's additional protocol to its comprehensive safeguards agreement, giving international inspectors access to the any Iranian facility of proliferation concern including military sites," the Arms Control Association said. "These provisions will last indefinitely to help detect and deter future nuclear weapons related efforts," it stressed.
"The sanctions relief that Iran will receive in return as it meets its key nuclear restrictions and nonproliferation commitments also serves as an incentive for Tehran to follow through on its obligations in the long term," the report continued. "If both sides comply with, and faithfully implement, their multi-year obligations, the agreement will reduce the risk of a destabilizing nuclear competition in a troubled region and head off a potentially catastrophic military conflict over Iran's nuclear program," it underlined.
"Some critics of this deal in the United States may still believe that by rejecting the agreement and increasing sanctions pressure on Iran, the United States can somehow coerce the leaders in Tehran to dismantle Iran’s nuclear program or agree to better terms," the association noted, adding that "that is a dangerous illusion" and "there is no better deal on the horizon."
On July 14, Iran and P5+1 group (US, UK, Russia, China, France and Germany) reached a final agreement on Tehran’s nuclear program which envisages guaranteeing the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear dossier in exchange for gradual removal of sanctions.