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GENEVA, March 5. /TASS/. The death toll from the current Ebola outbreak has reached 9,792, growing by 78 from March 2. The number of those infected has grown by 21 to 23,934, the World Health Organization (WHO) said in a statement on Wednesday.
These cases were reported from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. In line with statistics, the maximum number of Ebola-related deaths and cases has been registered in Liberia - 40,117 cumulative deaths and 9,249 cumulative cases. Liberia is followed by Sierra Leone /3,546 deaths and 11,466 cases/ and Guinea /2,129 deaths and 3,219 cases/.
Separate cases have also been registered in Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Spain, Great Britain and the United States. In most of these countries the number of Ebola-related cases does not exceed ten, with the only exception of Nigeria, where 20 people have been infected by Ebola virus and eight have died.
The World Health Organization describes Ebola virus disease /formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever/ as "a severe, often fatal illness, with a case fatality rate of up to 90%." Symptoms include sudden onset of fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding.
The infection is transmitted by direct contact with the blood, body fluids and tissues of infected animals or people. People are infectious as long as their blood and secretions contain the virus. The incubation period is 2 to 21 days. There is no known cure or vaccine for the disease. The only treatment offered is "supportive intensive care.".