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The two foreign policy chiefs held a telephone converstion on Wednesday and discussed issues connected with the Iranian nuclear program, with account for the regular round of talks of the [P5+1] six international negotiators with Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif in Oman on November 11, runs the statement. The phone conversation with Lavrov was requested by the American side.
“They stated the necessity of the soonest possible achievement of a comprehensive agreement that would allow to fully normalize the situation around the Iranian nuclear program in the future,” it said.
P5+1 is the five permanent members of the UN Security Council - the United States, Russia, China, the United Kingdom, and France plus Germany.
A plan of joint actions designed for a year that underlay the current negotiating process was agreed by Iran and the six international negotiators in Geneva on November 24, 2013. It in particular envisioned that Iran will get rid of half of accumulated uranium enriched to 20% and will dilute the second half to the 5-percent mark.
Besides, Tehran should stop enrichment of uranium to more than 5%, and halt work on enrichment enterprises in Natanz, Fordow and at the heavy-water reactor site in Arak.
In turn, the P5+1 members pledged not to impose new restrictions on export of Iranian oil, new sanctions and lift restrictions on exports of oil products and precious metals, as well as unfreeze part of Tehran’s foreign assets.
But the sides failed to agree the document by July 20, and decided to shift the end date to November 24 - the provisional action plan's deadline. Iran committed itself to convert all 20% enriched uranium left to nuclear fuel.
On its part, the six international negotiators agreed to continue their policy not to use previously agreed sanctions against Iran and grant Tehran access to $2.8 billion out of its assets arrested abroad. The funds will be provided in several tranches.