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It finally managed to enlist the support from 132 out of 190 of delegates to the General Assembly in a repeated round of secret balloting on Thursday, or more than the required 128 votes. Its rival for non-permanent membership, Turkey, won only 60 votes.
Earlier on Thursday, Angola, Venezuela, Malaysia and New Zealand were elected non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council for 2015-2016.
The four countries enlisted support of two thirds of delegates to the General Assembly in a secret ballot on Thursday. Angola won 190 votes, Venezuela - 181, Malaysia - 187, and New Zealand - 145.
In the first round of voting, neither Spain nor Turkey managed to win the required number of votes.
There were instances in the history of the United Nations Organization when it took hours, days, and even weeks to elect non-permanent members. Thus, in 1979, The United Nations General Assembly could not make a choice from among Colombia and Cuba for more than two months until Mexico was elected in the 155th round of voting as a compromise solution.
Meanwhile, two unexpected candidates emerged during today’s voting - the Republic of Congo and Brazil were put on the ballot paper by delegates and scored one vote each.
The Security Council is the supreme body of the United Nations Organization tasked to maintain peace and international security. The chairman of the Security Council is elected from among its members for a term of one month. Marнa Cristina Perceval, Argentine’s Permanent Representative, is the incumbent President of the United Nations Security Council. Russia held presidency in June.
Under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, resolutions of the Security Council are binding on all member states of the United Nations Organization. Their violation is punishable by sanctions and even the use of military force. A resolution is passed by the majority of its 15 members unless one of its permanent member states - Great Britain, China, Russia, the United States, and France - use their right to veto.