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Postcolonial Afghanistan

August 19, 2014, 13:02 UTC+3
Afhganistan throughout the years since the declaration of independence in this photo gallery by ITAR-TASS
1 pages in this article
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On August 19, 1919, Afghanistan achieved full independence from the British Empire. King Amanullah Khan declared Afghanistan a sovereign and fully independent state. Photo: ruins of the Darulaman Palace, the former palace of King Amanullah
On August 19, 1919, Afghanistan achieved full independence from the British Empire. King Amanullah Khan declared Afghanistan a sovereign and fully independent state. Photo: ruins of the Darulaman Palace, the former palace of King Amanullah
On August 19, 1919, Afghanistan achieved full independence from the British Empire. King Amanullah Khan declared Afghanistan a sovereign and fully independent state. Photo: ruins of the Darulaman Palace, the former palace of King Amanullah
© AP Photo/Ahmad Massoud
After the declaration of independence, modernisation reforms were put in place. Though meeting strong opposition from religious and tribal leaders, the efforts had results. Photo: a view of the Afghan capital, Kabul, in 1969
After the declaration of independence, modernisation reforms were put in place. Though meeting strong opposition from religious and tribal leaders, the efforts had results. Photo: a view of the Afghan capital, Kabul, in 1969
After the declaration of independence, modernisation reforms were put in place. Though meeting strong opposition from religious and tribal leaders, the efforts had results. Photo: a view of the Afghan capital, Kabul, in 1969
© Fotokhronika TASS/Valentin Sobolev
Mohammed Zahir Shah (photo) was the last King of Afghanistan. He was ousted by Mohammed Daoud Khan in 1973. Mohammed Zahir Shah then lived in exile for 29 years and returned to Afghanistan in 2002
Mohammed Zahir Shah (photo) was the last King of Afghanistan. He was ousted by Mohammed Daoud Khan in 1973. Mohammed Zahir Shah then lived in exile for 29 years and returned to Afghanistan in 2002
Mohammed Zahir Shah (photo) was the last King of Afghanistan. He was ousted by Mohammed Daoud Khan in 1973. Mohammed Zahir Shah then lived in exile for 29 years and returned to Afghanistan in 2002
© EPA PHOTO ANSA FILES/STR/hh
After the coup in 1973 Afghanistan was declared a republic. Photo: a street lined with tiny shops in the center of old Kabul, 1973
After the coup in 1973 Afghanistan was declared a republic. Photo: a street lined with tiny shops in the center of old Kabul, 1973
After the coup in 1973 Afghanistan was declared a republic. Photo: a street lined with tiny shops in the center of old Kabul, 1973
© AP Photo
Mohammed Daoud (photo) became the first President of Afghanistan.
Mohammed Daoud (photo) became the first President of Afghanistan.
Mohammed Daoud (photo) became the first President of Afghanistan.
© AP Photo
During the Cold War, Afghanistan aligned with neither of the power blocs which was a beneficiary as both sides participated in building the country's main highways, airports and the infrastructure. Photo: a view of Kabul in 1979
During the Cold War, Afghanistan aligned with neither of the power blocs which was a beneficiary as both sides participated in building the country's main highways, airports and the infrastructure. Photo: a view of Kabul in 1979
During the Cold War, Afghanistan aligned with neither of the power blocs which was a beneficiary as both sides participated in building the country's main highways, airports and the infrastructure. Photo: a view of Kabul in 1979
© Fotokhronika TASS/Valentin Sobolev
In April 1978, the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan came to power in Afghanistan in the Saur Revolution. President Daoud and members of his family were executed
In April 1978, the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan came to power in Afghanistan in the Saur Revolution. President Daoud and members of his family were executed
In April 1978, the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan came to power in Afghanistan in the Saur Revolution. President Daoud and members of his family were executed
© AP Photo
By late 1979, civil war had spread throughout the country
By late 1979, civil war had spread throughout the country
By late 1979, civil war had spread throughout the country
© Fotokhronika TASS/Georgy Nadezhdin
Radical islamists, the Mujahideen, fought against the government forces
Radical islamists, the Mujahideen, fought against the government forces
Radical islamists, the Mujahideen, fought against the government forces
© AP Photo/Steve McCurry
The Soviet Union brought its troops into Afghanistan to support the Communist government in December, 1979
The Soviet Union brought its troops into Afghanistan to support the Communist government in December, 1979
The Soviet Union brought its troops into Afghanistan to support the Communist government in December, 1979
© Fotokhronika TASS/Georgy Nadezhdin
The Soviet troops were withdrawn 10 years after, in 1989
The Soviet troops were withdrawn 10 years after, in 1989
The Soviet troops were withdrawn 10 years after, in 1989
© Fotokhronika TASS/Nikolai Malyshev, I.Khodzhayev
After the Soviet Forces were withdrawn, the civil war flared up again. Photo: A Mujahideen with a US-made Stinger surface-to-air missile, 1991
After the Soviet Forces were withdrawn, the civil war flared up again. Photo: A Mujahideen with a US-made Stinger surface-to-air missile, 1991
After the Soviet Forces were withdrawn, the civil war flared up again. Photo: A Mujahideen with a US-made Stinger surface-to-air missile, 1991
© ITAR-TASS/Archive
In April, 1992, the insurgents seized the capital, Kabul and put an end to Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
In April, 1992, the insurgents seized the capital, Kabul and put an end to Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
In April, 1992, the insurgents seized the capital, Kabul and put an end to Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
© ITAR-TASS/Archive
In 1996, Kabul was seized by the fighters of the Taliban movement which established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. Photo: a Taliban soldier instructs a bypasser to go to pray in a mosque in Kabul, 1996
In 1996, Kabul was seized by the fighters of the Taliban movement which established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. Photo: a Taliban soldier instructs a bypasser to go to pray in a mosque in Kabul, 1996
In 1996, Kabul was seized by the fighters of the Taliban movement which established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. Photo: a Taliban soldier instructs a bypasser to go to pray in a mosque in Kabul, 1996
© AP Photo/Dimitri Messinis
From 1996 to 2001, the al-Qaeda terrorist network of Osama bin Laden (photo) was harbored by the Taliban in Afghanistan
From 1996 to 2001, the al-Qaeda terrorist network of Osama bin Laden (photo) was harbored by the Taliban in Afghanistan
From 1996 to 2001, the al-Qaeda terrorist network of Osama bin Laden (photo) was harbored by the Taliban in Afghanistan
© EPA/STR
After the September 11 attacks the US demanded that Bin Laden be handed over, but the Taliban refused
After the September 11 attacks the US demanded that Bin Laden be handed over, but the Taliban refused
After the September 11 attacks the US demanded that Bin Laden be handed over, but the Taliban refused
© AP Photo/Diane Bondareff, File
In October 2001, the US started a military operation aimed at removing the Taliban from power and dispelling Al-Qaeda. Then the UN Security Council established the International Security Assistance Force to help  the newgovernment under Hamid Karzai
In October 2001, the US started a military operation aimed at removing the Taliban from power and dispelling Al-Qaeda. Then the UN Security Council established the International Security Assistance Force to help  the newgovernment under Hamid Karzai
In October 2001, the US started a military operation aimed at removing the Taliban from power and dispelling Al-Qaeda. Then the UN Security Council established the International Security Assistance Force to help the newgovernment under Hamid Karzai
© EPA/JIM HOLLANDER FILES
By the end of 2014, the Afghan government is to assume full control of the country, and the foreign forces are scheduled to leave
By the end of 2014, the Afghan government is to assume full control of the country, and the foreign forces are scheduled to leave
By the end of 2014, the Afghan government is to assume full control of the country, and the foreign forces are scheduled to leave
© EPA/SAYED MUSTAFA
Over the past few years the total area sown to opium poppy in Afghanistan has grown to 250,000 hectares. In case of destabilization of the country, the drug problem is likely to affect other countries of the region
Over the past few years the total area sown to opium poppy in Afghanistan has grown to 250,000 hectares. In case of destabilization of the country, the drug problem is likely to affect other countries of the region
Over the past few years the total area sown to opium poppy in Afghanistan has grown to 250,000 hectares. In case of destabilization of the country, the drug problem is likely to affect other countries of the region
© EPA/ITAR-TASS/HUMAYON SHIAB
Afghan police officials stand beside the portrait of  Afghan King Ghazi Amanullah Khan during a ceremony to mark the Independence Day in Jalalabad, Afghanistan
Afghan police officials stand beside the portrait of  Afghan King Ghazi Amanullah Khan during a ceremony to mark the Independence Day in Jalalabad, Afghanistan
Afghan police officials stand beside the portrait of Afghan King Ghazi Amanullah Khan during a ceremony to mark the Independence Day in Jalalabad, Afghanistan
© EPA/GHULAMULLAH HABIBI
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On August 19, 1919, Afghanistan achieved full independence from the British Empire. King Amanullah Khan declared Afghanistan a sovereign and fully independent state. Photo: ruins of the Darulaman Palace, the former palace of King Amanullah
© AP Photo/Ahmad Massoud
After the declaration of independence, modernisation reforms were put in place. Though meeting strong opposition from religious and tribal leaders, the efforts had results. Photo: a view of the Afghan capital, Kabul, in 1969
© Fotokhronika TASS/Valentin Sobolev
Mohammed Zahir Shah (photo) was the last King of Afghanistan. He was ousted by Mohammed Daoud Khan in 1973. Mohammed Zahir Shah then lived in exile for 29 years and returned to Afghanistan in 2002
© EPA PHOTO ANSA FILES/STR/hh
After the coup in 1973 Afghanistan was declared a republic. Photo: a street lined with tiny shops in the center of old Kabul, 1973
© AP Photo
Mohammed Daoud (photo) became the first President of Afghanistan.
© AP Photo
During the Cold War, Afghanistan aligned with neither of the power blocs which was a beneficiary as both sides participated in building the country's main highways, airports and the infrastructure. Photo: a view of Kabul in 1979
© Fotokhronika TASS/Valentin Sobolev
In April 1978, the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan came to power in Afghanistan in the Saur Revolution. President Daoud and members of his family were executed
© AP Photo
By late 1979, civil war had spread throughout the country
© Fotokhronika TASS/Georgy Nadezhdin
Radical islamists, the Mujahideen, fought against the government forces
© AP Photo/Steve McCurry
The Soviet Union brought its troops into Afghanistan to support the Communist government in December, 1979
© Fotokhronika TASS/Georgy Nadezhdin
The Soviet troops were withdrawn 10 years after, in 1989
© Fotokhronika TASS/Nikolai Malyshev, I.Khodzhayev
After the Soviet Forces were withdrawn, the civil war flared up again. Photo: A Mujahideen with a US-made Stinger surface-to-air missile, 1991
© ITAR-TASS/Archive
In April, 1992, the insurgents seized the capital, Kabul and put an end to Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
© ITAR-TASS/Archive
In 1996, Kabul was seized by the fighters of the Taliban movement which established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. Photo: a Taliban soldier instructs a bypasser to go to pray in a mosque in Kabul, 1996
© AP Photo/Dimitri Messinis
From 1996 to 2001, the al-Qaeda terrorist network of Osama bin Laden (photo) was harbored by the Taliban in Afghanistan
© EPA/STR
After the September 11 attacks the US demanded that Bin Laden be handed over, but the Taliban refused
© AP Photo/Diane Bondareff, File
In October 2001, the US started a military operation aimed at removing the Taliban from power and dispelling Al-Qaeda. Then the UN Security Council established the International Security Assistance Force to help the newgovernment under Hamid Karzai
© EPA/JIM HOLLANDER FILES
By the end of 2014, the Afghan government is to assume full control of the country, and the foreign forces are scheduled to leave
© EPA/SAYED MUSTAFA
Over the past few years the total area sown to opium poppy in Afghanistan has grown to 250,000 hectares. In case of destabilization of the country, the drug problem is likely to affect other countries of the region
© EPA/ITAR-TASS/HUMAYON SHIAB
Afghan police officials stand beside the portrait of Afghan King Ghazi Amanullah Khan during a ceremony to mark the Independence Day in Jalalabad, Afghanistan
© EPA/GHULAMULLAH HABIBI

On August 19 Afghanistan marks Independence Day. On that day in 1919, Afghanistan achieved full independence from the British Empire. King Amanullah Khan declared Afghanistan a sovereign and fully independent state.

Afghanistan throughout the years since the declaration of independence in this photo gallery by ITAR-TASS.

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