The judge said Bakiyev and his brother Janybek, who headed the Kyrgyz state guard service, were found guilty of masterminding murder, attempted murder and abuse of power.
Ex-premier of Kyrgyzstan Daniyar Usenov was also sentenced in absentia to life imprisonment and confiscation for masterminding murder.
In April 2010, thousands of Kyrgyz opposition supporters staged a rally in dowtown Bishkek and attempted to break into the government headquarters. A total of 77 people were killed and over 300 injured in the protests that eventually led to the ouster of Bakiyev.
After the uprising the Bakiev brothers fled to Belarus and were later granted political asylum.