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FORTALEZA, July 16. /ITAR-TASS/. The BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) said on Tuesday there could be no military solution to the Syrian conflict.
"We express deep concern about the ongoing violence and the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Syria and condemn the increasing violations of human rights by all parties,” the BRICS leaders said in the Fortaleza Declaration adopted at the VI BRICS summit held in the Brazilian city of Fortaleza.
The BRICS countries reiterated their stance that “there is no military solution to the conflict” and stressed the need to avoid its further militarization.
“We call upon all parties to commit immediately to a complete cease-fire, to halt violence and to allow and facilitate immediate, safe, full and unimpeded access for humanitarian organizations and agencies, in compliance with the UN Security Council resolution 2139. We recognize practical steps undertaken by the Syrian parties in implementing its requirements, including the practice of local cease-fire agreements reached between the Syrian authorities and the opposition forces,” the Declaration said.
The BRICS countries condemned any manifestations of terrorism and expressed their concern over terrorist threats in Syria. “We call on all Syrian parties to commit to putting an end to terrorist acts perpetrated by Al-Qaeda, its affiliates and other terrorist organizations,” the leaders said in the Declaration.
The leaders welcomed Syria’s decision to join the Chemical Weapons Convention. “In accordance with related Organization for the Proscription of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Executive Council decisions and UN Security Council resolution 2118, we reiterate the importance of the complete removal and elimination of the Syrian chemical weapons. We commend the progress in that regard and welcome the announcement that the removal of declared chemicals from the Syrian Arab Republic was completed. We call on all Syrian parties and interested external actors with relevant capabilities to work closely together and with the OPCW and the UN to arrange for the security of the monitoring and destruction mission in its final stage,” the Declaration said.
Apart from that, the BRICS leaders hailed the United Nation’s mediation role in the Syrian settlement. They also highly assessed the contribution made by former Joint United Nation/Arab League Special Representative for Syria Lakhdar Brahimi and welcome the appointment of his successor Staffan De Mistura and expressed the hope for his active efforts to promote the soonest resumption of comprehensive talks.
“We recall that national dialogue and reconciliation are key to the political solution for the Syrian crisis. We take note of the recent Syrian presidential elections. We stress that only an inclusive political process, led by the Syrians, as recommended in the Action Group on Syria Final Communiqu· of 2012, will lead to peace, effective protection of civilians, the realization of the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian society for freedom and prosperity and respect for Syrian independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty. We emphasize that a national reconciliation process needs to be launched as early as possible, in the interest of the national unity of Syria. To that end, we urge all parties in Syria to demonstrate political will, enhance mutual understanding, exercise restraint and commit to seeking common ground in accommodating their differences,” the BRICS said in the Declaration.