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Three trends are shaping the global gas market: the increasing US LNG exports, the overall increase in LNG significance, and gradual replacement of long-term supply agreements with spot transactions. These trends have prompted Russia to consider further diversification of its gas sales' channels and markets.
In the last 15 years, global gas consumption has been growing on average 2.5% per annum, and its share has reached 24% of the overall energy supply.
The growth rate in the liquefied natural gas (LNG) segment will outstrip that of the conventional gas by a factor of seven. By 2035 the LNG is expected to satisfy almost 50% of the worldwide demand (up from 32%).
Russia is the second-largest gas producer in the world (the US being the first), and has the largest domestic gas reserves.
Last year, Russian gas exports reached a record high of 179.3 billion cubic metres. The national energy strategy sets the 2030 gas export targets (including LNG) at 270–294 billion cubic metres.
Other challenges to Russian gas exports:
However, the overall Russian gas exports' outlook remains promising.