Russian Orthodox Church head Patriarch Kirill flew to Antarctica from Chile's Punta Arenas. It is the first time Russian patriarch has visited the South Polar region. Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia served Divine Liturgy in the only permanent cathedral in Antarctica - the Orthodox Holy Trinity Church at Russia’s Bellingshausen Station on Waterloo Island. The station’s chief Vladimir Cheberdak called Patriarch's first-ever visit to Antarctic an event of great historical significance. Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia also sailed to a penguin rookery on Ardley Island.