MOSCOW, November 13. /TASS/. Moscow stands for adopting at a climate change conference in Paris of a legally binding agreement for a period after the year 2020, the Russian foreign ministry said on Friday.
"Russia considers the forthcoming 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 11th session of the Meeting of the Parties (CMP11) to the 1997 Kyoto Protocol due to be held in Paris on November 30-December 11 as an international event of milestone importance, which is to outline prospects for sustainable development on our planet," the ministry said. "We stand for adopting a comprehensive legally binding agreement for a period after 2020 that would pool efforts of all countries, first of all, key greenhouse gas issuers, and would be a solid basis for a lasting climatic regime balanced in all its aspects, both ecological, economic and political."
Russia "has been considerably contributing to international efforts to prevent climate change," the ministry said. "We have exceeded the target of the first period of liabilities under the Kyoto Protocol - we have been keeping greenhouse gas emissions at a level that is by a third lower than the basic figure of 1990 for two decades. It compensates for emission growths in other countries and regions of the globe. Thus, emissions from Russia’s energy sector have reduced by 37% in the past twenty years, which equals to the five-years’ emissions of all European Union states and the United States’ emissions in three years."
"Moreover, Russia’s GDP has growth by almost 80% in the past 15 years while greenhouse emissions growth, thanks to modernization and regulation, is only 12% It refutes allegations that Russia is only reaping the fruits of the economic slump of the 1990s," the ministry stressed.
Being a signatory to the Kyoto Protocol, over its second period, "Russia will continue to implement all of its liabilities, except quantitative [taking into account its potential signatories, Kyoto Protocol-2 embraces only 13-14% of the entire global greenhouse gas emission, which makes it impossible to solve the climate problem]," the ministry stressed.
Moscow supports the steps of the international community to mobilize financial assistance and technology transfer on climate-related purposes to developing countries. "It is a guarantee of invigoration of their own efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate change," the foreign ministry said. "In this context, we attach greater significance to decisions on the financial and technological block of issues, adopted at the climate conferences in Copenhagen, Warsaw and Lima, including measures on the Green Climate Fund."
Legal Framework in Russia
Russia is pursuing a consistent policy towards reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. "Russia has adopted a Climate Doctrine and a comprehensive action plan on its implementation. The normative base includes the presidential decree on measures to enhance energy and ecological efficiency of the Russian economy, the federal law on energy saving, Russia’s Energy Strategy for a period till 2030, the presidential decree on reduction of greenhouse gas emissions of September 30, 2013 and the Russian government’s resolution on its implementation of April 2, 2014," the ministry noted. "All these measures are called to ensure cumulative reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in a volume of more than 30 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent by 2020."
"Russian was among the first UNFCCC signatory parties to announce in March 2015 parameters of its possible liabilities for the post-Kyoto period, namely reduction of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions at a level of 70-75% of the 1990 emissions by the year 2030, given the absorbing capacity of forests is maximally taken into account," the ministry added.