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Inside Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center

April 12, 16:49 UTC+3

The history of the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center begins in 1960 when it was decided to establish a first-ever training facility to prepare people for space voyages

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The International Space Station Expedition 51/52 crew members, Russian cosmonaut Fedor Yurchikhin and NASA astronaut Jack Fischer preparing for training at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre (GCTC)
The International Space Station Expedition 51/52 crew members, Russian cosmonaut Fedor Yurchikhin and NASA astronaut Jack Fischer preparing for training at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre (GCTC)
The International Space Station Expedition 51/52 crew members, Russian cosmonaut Fedor Yurchikhin and NASA astronaut Jack Fischer preparing for training at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre (GCTC)
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
Key GCTC facilities include full-size mockups of all major spacecraft developed since the Soviet era, zero-gravity training aircraft for simulating weightlessness, centrifuges and centrifuge-based simulators used for improving cosmonauts’ g-tolerance capabilities
Key GCTC facilities include full-size mockups of all major spacecraft developed since the Soviet era, zero-gravity training aircraft for simulating weightlessness, centrifuges and centrifuge-based simulators used for improving cosmonauts’ g-tolerance capabilities
Key GCTC facilities include full-size mockups of all major spacecraft developed since the Soviet era, zero-gravity training aircraft for simulating weightlessness, centrifuges and centrifuge-based simulators used for improving cosmonauts’ g-tolerance capabilities
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
The world's largest centrifuge is CF-18 centrifuge at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre
The world's largest centrifuge is CF-18 centrifuge at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre
The world's largest centrifuge is CF-18 centrifuge at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
It's rotating arm is 18 meters
It's rotating arm is 18 meters
It's rotating arm is 18 meters
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
CF-7 centrifuge was developed and put in operation in 1973. The radius of it's rotation is 7 meters
CF-7 centrifuge was developed and put in operation in 1973. The radius of it's rotation is 7 meters
CF-7 centrifuge was developed and put in operation in 1973. The radius of it's rotation is 7 meters
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
Both centrifuges are used for simulating g-loads during all the stages of space flight in cosmonaut's training and for cosmonaut selection
Both centrifuges are used for simulating g-loads during all the stages of space flight in cosmonaut's training and for cosmonaut selection
Both centrifuges are used for simulating g-loads during all the stages of space flight in cosmonaut's training and for cosmonaut selection
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
Orlan MK-T space suit
Orlan MK-T space suit
Orlan MK-T space suit
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
Inside the full-size mockup of Mir Space Station
Inside the full-size mockup of Mir Space Station
Inside the full-size mockup of Mir Space Station
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
TDK-7ST3 simulator designed to train crews for piloting Soyuz-TMA spacecraft
TDK-7ST3 simulator designed to train crews for piloting Soyuz-TMA spacecraft
TDK-7ST3 simulator designed to train crews for piloting Soyuz-TMA spacecraft
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
TDK-7ST3 simulator is built using full-size mock-ups of habitable compartments of the Soyuz spacecraft
TDK-7ST3 simulator is built using full-size mock-ups of habitable compartments of the Soyuz spacecraft
TDK-7ST3 simulator is built using full-size mock-ups of habitable compartments of the Soyuz spacecraft
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
Full-size mockup of Mir Space Station
Full-size mockup of Mir Space Station
Full-size mockup of Mir Space Station
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
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The International Space Station Expedition 51/52 crew members, Russian cosmonaut Fedor Yurchikhin and NASA astronaut Jack Fischer preparing for training at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre (GCTC)
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
Key GCTC facilities include full-size mockups of all major spacecraft developed since the Soviet era, zero-gravity training aircraft for simulating weightlessness, centrifuges and centrifuge-based simulators used for improving cosmonauts’ g-tolerance capabilities
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
The world's largest centrifuge is CF-18 centrifuge at the Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
It's rotating arm is 18 meters
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
CF-7 centrifuge was developed and put in operation in 1973. The radius of it's rotation is 7 meters
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
Both centrifuges are used for simulating g-loads during all the stages of space flight in cosmonaut's training and for cosmonaut selection
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
Orlan MK-T space suit
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
Inside the full-size mockup of Mir Space Station
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
TDK-7ST3 simulator designed to train crews for piloting Soyuz-TMA spacecraft
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
TDK-7ST3 simulator is built using full-size mock-ups of habitable compartments of the Soyuz spacecraft
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS
Full-size mockup of Mir Space Station
© Stanislav Krasilnikov/TASS

The Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center (GCTC) is a Russian facility responsible for training cosmonauts for their space missions. It is located in Star City, known in Russia as Zvezdniy Gorodok, a closed town 50 km from Moscow, where the legendary cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin trained for the first human spaceflight. The center is run by the Russian Federal Space Agency. 

The history of the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center begins on 11th of January 1960 when it was decided to establish a first-ever training facility intended to prepare people for space voyages. The center has seen a lot of outstanding and exciting events afterwards: from the flight of the first female cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova to the first spacewalk by Alexey Leonov.

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