American policemen have established that the terrorist attack at the Boston Marathon was organised by two brothers – Chechen immigrants Tsarnayevs, one of whom had already had a US passport, and another was going to receive it. The terrorists were neutralised last weekend. The authorities are convinced that the Tsarnayev brothers were not members of a radical Islamic group and acted on their own. According to investigators, the organiser of the explosion was the elder brother – Tamerlan, who after a trip to Dagestan and Chechnya took an interest in a radical Islam doctrine.
Dzhokhar Tsarnayev came to the United States with his parents and two sisters in 2002 on a tourist visa, the Kommersant daily writes. A year later, Tamerlan arrived, and the family filed a petition for getting a refugee status. Five years later, they officially got a residence permit. In September, Dzhokhar was granted the US citizenship. The elder brother failed to get a US passport: in 2009 he was arrested after a quarrel with his girlfriend.
According to relatives of the brothers, about two years ago Tamerlan unexpectedly quit his boxing training, started to regularly visit a mosque and prayed at least five times a day. Last winter, Tamerlane Tsarnayev got a flight to Makhachkala to replace his Russian passport the validity period of which was expiring. According to the father, his son “met only with his family members and friends” in Dagestan and Chechnya.
The FBI admitted that in 2011 they received a request “from the intelligence services of a foreign state,” which said that Tamerlan Tsarnayev is a supporter of radical Islam, and that, according to unconfirmed information, starting from 2010, he was preparing to leave the United States in order to “join an unnamed underground group” in the Russian Federation. However, a probe conducted in this connection detected “no evidence of terrorist activity.” In summer 2011, the FBI passed the collected data to the Russian authorities, requesting for “more specific additional information.” The US intelligence agencies have not received an answer to the request.
“Many experts in the United States say that jihad in the North Caucasus is not part of the global jihad, therefore the North Caucasus underground groups should be treated in a way different from al-Qaeda,” expert at the Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies Vasily Kashin told the Vedomosti newspaper. “But the biography and actions of the Tsarnayev brothers have shown that this is not so,” Kashin said.
In the view of the expert, they are no different from people coming from Pakistan, Somalia, Arab countries and other troubled regions with passports of Western countries who travel to conflict zones, are inspired with the ideas of jihad there and are regarded by Western intelligence agencies as the main source of recruitment of terrorists.
The Nezavisimaya Gazeta newspaper draws a parallel between the terrorist attack in Boston and the Syrian war. The similarity between them is that the terrorists professing and guided by the radical Wahhabi ideology acted in both cases. They were not the followers Islam, but the extremely reactionary ideology of Wahhabism, one of the trends of the Muslim religion. And this ideology is actively being promoted in all the modern society sections, especially in those that affected by social problems – unemployment, illiteracy and poverty.
Today it is no secret that the Tsarnayev brothers professed radical views and that up 3 thousand representatives of Al-Qaeda – the extreme Wahhabi movement are among the Syrian opposition fighters. However, the Western countries and their partners support one groups of terrorists in the Middle East as they can, and identify, prosecute, sentence to longest prison terms, and in some cases sentence to death the others. And no one thinks that in the event of overthrow of the Assad regime or defeat of his opponents thousands of “Wild Geese”, taking part in the Syrian civil war will return to their home country or travel to other countries to continue their subversive, illegal terrorist activities there.
Alas, the double standards, dividing the terrorists and extremists into friends and foes, the attempt to turn a blind eye to what is happening right in the backyard of various services the mission of which is to combat this global scourge, comes to no good. As the division of extremists and terrorists into friends and foes continues, the war against this evil will be like attacking windmills, the newspaper concludes.
In any war it is essential to know: who is your friend and who is your enemy? the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper writes in a commentary. And who of the enemies is rather a competitor with whom it is possible to negotiate? And who does not stop until he slits your throat?
It is the absence of such an understanding between the United States and the Soviet Union during the period of their global confrontation in the late 1970's that created the modern form of terrorism, the newspaper believes. Al-Qaeda is a “child” that came to being as a result of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. Trying to hurt each other, we hurt ourselves. The Boston bombings are not the first and unfortunately not the last echoes of the decisions taken during the times of General Secretary Brezhnev and Presidents Ford and Carter, says the publication.