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Vladimir Putin won at the presidential elections, gaining over 63% or 45.5 million votes that exceeds the election result of the United Russia at the State Duma elections, Kommersant daily writes. Experts believe that this election result could have been achieved thanks to the mobilization of people, who were afraid of the orange revolution. In 2012 seven million people less voted for Vladimir Putin than for Dmitry Medvedev in 2008 and four million people less than for Putin in 2004.
According to the preliminary election results, Vladimir Putin gained about 63.6% or 45.5 million votes. This means that he managed to improve the United Russia election result. United Russia nominated him for presidency. At the elections to the State Duma last December the United Russia Party gained 49.3% or 32.3 million votes. This is 12.5 million votes less than in 2007, when 64.3% (44.7 million people) voted for the party. United Russia got less than 40% of votes in a third of regions last December.
“Putin and Medvedev always had an advantage over the United Russia election result. This is the party, which has its image in the least degree,” deputy director of the analytical Levada Centre Alexei Grazhdankin told the newspaper. “At the last stage before the State Duma elections Putin left the party alone and did not swap his rating for the efforts to push the party up,” he said. Meanwhile, “he has no rivals on the current political landscape now,” the expert believes.
“After the State Duma elections the steam was let off, after that the rating of the prime minister and the party began growing,” the chief editor of the Political Technologies magazine Sergei Polyakov told the Kommersant daily. “The conservative electorate was seriously mobilized due to the fears over the orange revolution. This is a serious mistake of the opposition. At the State Duma elections the opposition managed to mobilize its electorate, and Putin’s electorate – at the presidential elections,” the expert elaborated.
As a result the “the amorphous majority sided with Putin” for the last two months, senior research fellow of the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences Leontiy Byzov said. “Many people, particularly in the regions, got frightened of the shadow of troubles,” he elaborated. Meanwhile, Vladimir Putin was seeking to get distant from the political struggle and “could bring back the position of the father of the nation, on whom the order in the state is built.”
The newspaper noted that Vladimir Putin gains less that 60% in 35 Russian federal constituents. Several regions in Central Russia, including the Kostroma, Oryol, Vladimir and Yaroslavl Regions were unsuccessful for him, as well as the Kaliningrad Region (the prime minister polled less than 55% there) and in several other regions. Putin got 47% of votes in Moscow that is about the same percentage for the United Russia Party at the State Duma elections. In 2004 Vladimir Putin gained 68.6% in the Russian capital, Dmitry Medvedev – 71.5% in 2008.
“This is the same protesting regions as before, the general rating for the support to the authorities is lower there,” head of the regional programs of the Foundation for the Development of Information Policy Alexander Kynev said. In these federal constituents the public activities were higher or strong opposition organizations acted, as the Communist Party in Oryol, the expert noted. Moscow turned in the most protesting city from the city with the moderate election result of the ruling party at the December parliamentary elections.
“He did not get this number of votes,” the Kommersant quoted an expert for electoral statistics Dmitry Oreshkin as saying. At these elections a major number of observers worked, this makes it possible to compare original protocols and the data, which were put on the election state automatic system, he noted. The election campaign was accompanied with a growing number of absentee ballots, Oreshkin said. The absentee ballots could be used for falsifications (for instance, people were forced to give in absentee ballots to their chief or vote at the place of work).
The massive voting at home raises concerns, Oreshkin noted. In 2004, 4.74 million ballot papers were put in portable ballot boxes, and already 6.13 million ballot papers now. The Russian Communist Party already called this fact “as one of the elements for manipulations of the ruling party.”