MOSCOW, May 1. /TASS/. Russian President Vladimir Putin will present in the Kremlin on Friday gold medals to five new Heroes of Labour of the Russian Federation, presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov told journalists.
Hero of Labour is the second highest rank in Russia along with the title of Hero of the Russian Federation.
The Kremlin press service said that the laureates are awarded for "outstanding results in public and social activities and a significant contribution to the socio-economic development of the country, including in the development of production, science, culture, education and sports."
The corresponding decree on conferring the titles was signed by the president this week. Gold medals will be awarded to head coach of the Russia rhythmic gymnastics national team, head of the All-Russian Federation of Rhythmic Gymnastics Irina Viner-Usmanova, General Designer of the Moscow Institute of Thermal Engineering Yuri Solomonov, teacher of School No 7 in the Chernyakhovka city (Kaliningrad Region) Galina Gromova, steel worker of the Novolipetsk Metallurgical Plant (NMLK) Yuri Savin and dairymaid of the Nasyr-Kortskoye (Ingushetia) state unitary enterprise Marem Bogatyreva. With the signing of this decree the total number of Heroes of Labour of the Russian Federation has reached 15 people.
The honorary title "Hero of Labour of the Russian Federation" was instituted by presidential decree of 29 March 2013. This ceremony will be the third in Russia’s newest history. By tradition, the medals are awarded on May 1 - Labour Day.
The very term Hero of Labour in Russia’s history first appeared in the 1920s of the last century. Then the best workers with many-year record were given special certificates that were issued by the provincial council of trade unions upon recommendation of workers’ meetings. The first laureates of the title were workers of Moscow and Petrograd.
In July 1927, the special title Hero of Labour was instituted, which was conferred by the Presidium of the USSR Central Executive Committee or the Central Executive Committees of the Union republics. The first laureates of the title were workers and teachers. In 1938, the Hero of Socialist Labour title was established, which became the highest title and the highest degree of honour for outstanding labour achievements. In the period from 1938 to 1991, more than 20,500 people became the laureates, and many were awarded the Hero of Socialist Labour title twice and even three times.
Each Hero of Labour of the Russian Federation is conferred a special decoration - the gold medal and diploma.