Airliners fly over Russia on transit flights with stops at Russian airports or nonstop. There are transpolar, cross-polar, trans-Siberian, Asian and trans-eastern routes in Russia’s airspace.
The number of transit flights began to decline in April 2014, from 2.3% to 8.5% in July and 16% in August. The decrease reached 20% in October as compared to October of 2013.
An 11% decline was reported for seven months from April to October.Leading among foreign airlines flying across Russia’s airspace are Asian and European air carriers.
They have diverted the routes to southern regions from Russia because the airspace over eastern Ukraine is closed.
A Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777 crashed in eastern Ukraine in July this year. The airspace is closed at all altitudes over the region.
Russian air traffic controllers served more than 1,242 million international, domestic and transit flights over the ten months this year, Rosaviatsia reported.