Mark Lunev “flew on a morning flight from Bangkok to Moscow accompanied by officers of the Russian National Central Bureau of Interpol,” a source at Russia's embassy in Thailand said.
The man had been detained in a combined operation bringing together the two countries’ law enforcement agencies and embassy personnel, consular department head Vladimir Sosnov said.
In Russia, Lunev is charged with organized crime and extortion, and faces up to 10 years in jail on the first count alone if convicted.
It is also charged with 11 murders, intentional grievous bodily harm, extortion, fraud, illegal purchase and carrying of arms, ammunition and explosive devices.
This is not the first case in which a Russian kingpin has been deported from Thailand. Early in August, Igor Kochergin was brought to Moscow on fraud charges after fleeing from justice to Thai resorts some seven years ago.
July saw the deportation of three Russian nationals, including suspected leader of the Shchelkovo group Alexander Matusov, known in the criminal world as Basmach.