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“If Crimea’s people say “yes”, Russia on behalf of lawmakers will take all required legal steps urgently,” Mironov said. “All procedures will take around a month,” he added. Mironov recalled that federal assemblies in Russian constituent entities should speak in favour of accession of a new region. He did not rule out that they would hold meetings on this issue for one day.
“The referendum result on accession to Russia will not be one hundred percent and this is normal,” the A Just Russia leader said. As for the name of the constituent entity, Mironov suggested this would be the Republic of Crimea. “One more referendum on the status of constituent entity may be probably needed,” he added.
“Effective law envisages the need of enacting a federal constitutional law on a new Russian constituent entity, after some legal grounds appear as they may be attained after a referendum,” Mironov said. He did not rule out that several provisions that had been drafted in a bill proposed by A Just Russia might be included in a constitutional law on a new Russian constituent entity. In his view, a separate legislative act may be enacted.
“I have some doubts that the federal assembly will debate urgently this bill and will pass it for signing to the president. After our brothers make their choice at a referendum, we have all needed instruments to finalise the procedure legally and this will be done timely,” he added.
The Council of State Duma lower house of Russian parliament has moved in a bill on simplified procedure of accession of new constituent entities to Russia for debates on March 21.
Late in February A Just Russia lawmakers have introduced in the State Duma an amendment in the 2001 law over procedure of accession and formation of a new constituent entity in Russia. “Effective law holds that a constituent entity can be formed on newly acceded territory under an agreement with a country in which this territory is included,” first deputy head of A Just Russia faction Mikhail Yemelyanov noted. “The procedure is the following: state authorities of some part of a foreign country who initiated the proposal addressed to the Russian president. The president notifies Federation Council upper house of parliament, the State Duma, the government and has consultations with them,” he added. In case of their agreement with the move the president submits a federal draft law on accession of some part of a foreign country in Russia that determines its status, name and other legal issues, he noted.
According to the A Just Russia-initiated amendment, accession of some part of a foreign country to Russia as a new constituent entity is possible if such international treaty lacks in two cases: if residents of this territory voted for accession to Russia at a referendum and if legitimate state authorities of some part of a foreign country have made an address to Russia.
A Just Russia leader Sergei Mironov suggested that the bill might be debated and enacted already this week.
The Crimean Supreme Council, a local legislature, has decided earlier on Crimea’s accession to the Russian Federation as a Russian constituent entity. A referendum on this issue in Crimea is set on March 16.