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A Just Russia to submit draft law to simplify new territories joining to Russia

February 28, 2014, 11:11 UTC+3 MOSCOW

"It is necessary for Russia to have a maneuver in case the process of Ukraine's breakup continues," the party member noted

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Mikhail Yemelyanov

Mikhail Yemelyanov

© ITAR-TASS / Sergei Fadeichev

MOSCOW, February 28. /ITAR-TASS/. A Just Russia party members on Friday will submit a draft law to simplify joining of new territories to the Russian Federation and a document to simplify granting of Russian citizenship for Ukrainians, one of the party's leaders, Mikhail Yemelyanov, confirmed to reporters on Friday.

"The situation in Ukraine is complicated and unpredictable. It is necessary for Russia to have a maneuver in case the process of Ukraine's breakup continues," he said.

"The draft laws are ready for submission, but we would like first to consult colleagues from other parties," added Yemelyanov, who is first deputy head of A Just Russia's members in the State Duma.

Speaking about the draft law to simplify joining of new territories, he explained that it would be written down that a territory might join the country after a referendum or its parliament's decision.

On Thursday, A Just Russia leader Sergei Mironov told Itar-Tass that a consolidated draft law would be submitted to the State Duma on Friday, February 28, on a simplified procedure to receive Russian citizenship for Ukrainian. "It will be a draft law on simplified granting of Russian citizenship to Ukrainian citizens. It will apply only to Ukrainian citizens," the politician noted.

Mironov also said that most likely the draft law would be submitted by A Just Russia members and expressed confidence that the rest would support it.

Both documents create a legal basis for support in case Ukrainian citizens apply to Russia, but do not deprive Ukrainian regions of the right of freedom of will expression with regard to their fate. In any case it is up to them to take the initiative, the authors note.

The documents are prepared by the chairwoman of the committee for affairs of families, women and children, Yelena Mizulina, on Mironov's instructions. Both documents allow Russia within its jurisdiction to lend a helping hand to fraternal peoples of Ukraine, she said on her website.

The first initiative changes the federal constitutional law on admission of a new member to Russia. Its present version stipulates that a foreign state or its part may be joined to Russia only in case there is an international agreement between Russia and the state.

A Just Russia's amendments allow joining a part of a foreign state to Russia without such an agreement, but if residents of the territory vote for it at a referendum or its legitimate power structure applies to Russia.

The procedure is the following: an initiator a state power body of the part of the foreign state applies to the Russian president, who informs the Federation Council, the State Duma and the government about it and holds consultations with them, the committee head explains. In case it is approved, the president submits a draft federal constitutional law to admit the part of the foreign state to Russia. The law will define the status and other legal aspects and gives the name of the territory.

According to Mizulina, the adoption of the draft law will create additional legal guarantees to prevent any violent actions on national, ethnic or religious intolerance grounds, without violating the principle of non-interference in internal affairs of another state.

The second draft law, aimed at supporting Ukrainian people, introduces a simplified procedure to grant Russian citizenship to Ukrainian people, removing the requirements to reside in Russia's territory, have a legal source of incomes, give up Ukrainian citizenship and pay a duty. The period to receive citizenship is reduced from a year to two months.

The adoption of the draft law will allow Ukrainian citizens who do not want to be subject to assimilation to retain their ethnic, cultural, language and religious identity, the explanatory note to the initiative says.

"These laws may be compared with a lighthouse on the shore for those lost in the sea. They give hope," Mizulina said.

When speaking about the planned submission of the draft laws earlier on Friday, Yemelyanov noted A Just Russia members believed it was necessary to preserve Ukraine's integrity. It depends not only on Russia, but also on activities of politicians who have come into power in Ukraine, he noted.

With the deep split in the Ukrainian society, the only way to retain the unity is creating a federation. "We hope the politicians' common sense will prevail and such a state system will be chosen that will respect the rights of all citizens of the country," he noted.

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