MOSCOW, November 25, 21:06 /ITAR-TASS/. The head of Russia’s new Vostochny Cosmodrome in the Far Eastern Amur region may be appointed on December 9, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said.
“I want to go to Vostochny some time in the middle of December, and the decision will get ripe while I am there in the Amur region. Judging from my plans, it will be December 9,” Rogozin said on Monday, November 25.
When such sophisticated facilities are built, work has to be coordinated at all levels, and the cosmodrome construction directorate is not enough for that, he said.
“I told the chairman of the government today that this issue will be addressed, but the leadership of Roscosmos [Federal Space Agency] has not made the nomination yet,” Rogozin said.
Russia’s Federal Agency for Special Construction Projects (Spetsstroy) has almost eliminated the lag in the construction of the Vostochny Cosmodrome.
“I think we have reduced the lag and are getting back to the initial schedule,” Spetsstroy Director Alexander Volosov.
While in July 2013, the lag was about three months, now it has been reduced to ten days.
“Funding is provided on time and in sufficient volumes,” Volosov said.
The first stage of the project - construction of roads at the cosmodrome - has been completed. The second stage is proceeding as scheduled and is to be completed in December 2014.
As of November 21, more than 4,000 personnel, 680 pieces of construction equipment and vehicles were working at the site. With personnel working on a rotational basis, the overall number of people involved in the project has reached 5,246.
An academic city may be built at Russia’s new Vostochny spaceport under construction now in the Far Eastern Amur region, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said earlier.
“We may create an academic city near the Vostochny spaceport to develop new projects in the rocket industry,” Rogozin said.
Rogozin said that web cameras would be installed at the spaceport construction site. The web cameras will provide 24-hour live broadcasts from the construction site.
Rogozin said the town of Tsiolkovsky, where the spaceport’s personnel will live, would accommodate at least 25,000 people, mainly young people and may become home to “the young design potential.”
President Vladimir Putin said that the creation of the new spaceport Vostochny in the Far East should confirm Russia’s high scientific and technological status.
“The implementation of this project should confirm the high scientific and technological status of Russia,” he said.
In his opinion, the new spaceport should become “yet another strongpoint for the development of our Far East.”
Vostochny should become operational in 2015 and start sending manned missions in 2018.
The comsodrome is intended for launching automatic and piloted space missions under national, international and commercial programmes. Its construction started in 2012 and the first launch is expected to be carried out in by 2015 on board Soyuz-2 light carrier rockets. By 2018, it will be ready to launch heavy Angara-5A rockets. The cosmodrome will also have infrastructure for future piloted missions.
More than 400 social, engineering and transport infrastructure facilities, 115 km of roads and 125 km of railroads will be built at the cosmodrome.
The Vostochny spaceport will launch rockets with onboard computers that are three times more efficient, five times lighter and 3-4 times cheaper than the existing ones, Leonid Shalimov, Director-General of the Yekaterinburg-based Automation Research and Production Association, told ITAR-TASS.
“Delivery is scheduled for the first quarter of 2015. We have two and a half years to make all equipment. The decision has been made that all rockets will be launched with new computers,” Shalimov said.
The Association is now designing a miniature computer that will weigh around 300 grams.
The new spaceport is to ensure the implementation of practically all forward-looking space projects, including manned missions, a new generation of spacecraft and inter-planetary systems. The construction and use of the spaceport will boost the development of the Russian Far East and make it more attractive to investors, the prime minister said.
The Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) said it would be a compact, modern and environmentally friendly spaceport and the propellant to be used in the rockets to be launched from Vostochny will not contain any toxic components.
Experts say that the commissioning of the cosmodrome will allow Russia to carry out independent and more effective space activities, launch more space vehicles, reduce environmental impact, facilitate economic development of the region, create new jobs in related industries, and make the region more attractive to investors.