MOSCOW, November 3 (Itar-Tass) - Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the law on new measures of the struggle against terrorism, which creates the mechanism of the indemnification of the damage, which the terrorists caused, by their relatives and which sets the terms of up to 20 years in prison for the creation of a terrorist community and an organization. The document was made public at the official portal of legal information on Sunday.
The law, which the State Duma approved on October 25 and the Federation Council approved on October 30, envisages amendments in several legislative acts, including the Criminal Code and the law on counteraction to terrorism.
The law particularly holds that the damage, including moral damage caused by a terrorist act is indemnified by “a perpetrator of the terrorist act and from the monetary funds of the next of kin, other relatives or any people, the health and wellbeing of which are valued highly for him due to personal relations.” Meanwhile, the law makes a remark that it is possible if “there are sufficient grounds to believe that money, valuables and other property are acquired by them as a result of terrorism-related activity and/or are the profit from this property.”
At the same time the law also creates the mechanism of checking the lawfulness of the sources of property at the relatives of the terrorists. For this purpose the Federal Security Service grants the right “to demand the information about the lawfulness of the sources of money, valuables, other property and income from them at close relatives” of the terrorists. This right is in effect regarding the money, valuables, other property and incomes, which were acquired “no earlier than the proved fact of beginning the involvement in terrorism-related activity by a person, who committed a terrorist act.”
In absence of true information about the lawfulness of the sources of monetary funds the legal materials are submitted in the prosecutor’s offices, then in the court to bring back the money, valuables and etc to Russian state property, “if a person did not produce the information verifying the lawfulness of their acquisition.”
The law also introduces criminal responsibility for forming a terrorist community and the training at the camps of terrorists.
The Russian Criminal Code is supplemented with a new article for passing the training to carry out terrorism-related activity. According to this article of the Criminal Code “the deliberate training of a person for terrorism-related activity” is punished by a term from five to ten years in prison and a fine of up to 500,000 roubles (about $15.5 thousand). Meanwhile, the criminal article holds that these people will be relieved from criminal responsibility, if they inform the authorities about the fact of their passing of the training, assisted in the solving of the committed crime or the exposure of other people, who passed this training, carried out, masterminded or funded this training, as well as the places of training and if there is no other corpus delicti in his action.
Another new article of the Russian Criminal Code for forming a terrorist community and participation in it envisages a term from 15 to 20 years in prison and a fine of up to one million roubles (about $31 thousand). The participation in such terrorist community is punished by a term from five to ten years in prison and a fine of up to 500,000 roubles.
Meanwhile, a terrorist community is “a group of people, who got together in advance to carry out terrorism-related activity” or train and commit several other crimes envisaged in the Criminal Code “or other crimes for the purposes of propaganda, justification and support of terrorism.
At the same time a new article of the Criminal Code envisages the punishment for organizing a terrorist organization and participation in it. The organizing of a structure, “which was found terrorist according to Russian legislation” will be punished by a term from 15 to 20 years in prison with a fine of up to one million roubles, and the participation in it - the imprisonment from five to ten years and a fine of up to 500,000 roubles.
For participation in an illegal armed unit, participation in an armed unit on the territory of the foreign country that is not envisaged by the legislation of this country for the purposes contradicting the interests of Russia the penalties grow to six years in prison with the limitation of freedom of up to two years.
One more provision holds that any person (a person who has the right for foreign economic activity) can be accused “of the illegal export from Russia or the transfer of raw materials, materials, equipment, technologies, scientific-technical information, illegal performance of works or illegal services, which can be deliberately used for the creation of weapons, military hardware and which are under export control.”
The specific amendment is introduced in the law on counteraction to terrorism. The amendment holds that “upon the decision of the Russian president at the federal law a collegiate body is formed to coordinate and organize the activity of the federal executive authorities, regional executive authorities and local self-government bodies for the counteraction to terrorism.” The decisions of this body taken within its authority will be compulsory for executing by state agencies, local self-government bodies, organizations, officials and ordinary people.