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1993 Russian coup in photos

October 04, 2013, 14:44 UTC+3
20 years ago on this day Russia's constitutional crisis escalated to an armed coup
1 pages in this article
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August 20, 1993. A meeting is held in front of the The House of Soviets  in support of the actions of the Supreme Soviet of Russia and against policies of the President and the Government. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valentin Kuzmin
August 20, 1993. A meeting is held in front of the The House of Soviets  in support of the actions of the Supreme Soviet of Russia and against policies of the President and the Government. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valentin Kuzmin
August 20, 1993. A meeting is held in front of the The House of Soviets in support of the actions of the Supreme Soviet of Russia and against policies of the President and the Government. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valentin Kuzmin
Alexander Rutskoy takes oath of the President of the Russian Federation at a rush meeting of the Supreve Soviet of Russia, which followed a televised address to the nation made by Boris Yeltsin. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valentin Kuzmin
Alexander Rutskoy takes oath of the President of the Russian Federation at a rush meeting of the Supreve Soviet of Russia, which followed a televised address to the nation made by Boris Yeltsin. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valentin Kuzmin
Alexander Rutskoy takes oath of the President of the Russian Federation at a rush meeting of the Supreve Soviet of Russia, which followed a televised address to the nation made by Boris Yeltsin. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valentin Kuzmin
Viktor Barannikov, Minister of Security and "Shadow Cabinet," and Alexander Rutskoy, Russia's Vice President, among defenders of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Alexander Chumichev
Viktor Barannikov, Minister of Security and "Shadow Cabinet," and Alexander Rutskoy, Russia's Vice President, among defenders of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Alexander Chumichev
Viktor Barannikov, Minister of Security and "Shadow Cabinet," and Alexander Rutskoy, Russia's Vice President, among defenders of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Alexander Chumichev
Barricades on Sadovoye Ring. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Barricades on Sadovoye Ring. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Barricades on Sadovoye Ring. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Krymskiy Bridge. Militia disperses demonstrators. ITAR-TASS/ Anatoly Morkovkin
Krymskiy Bridge. Militia disperses demonstrators. ITAR-TASS/ Anatoly Morkovkin
Krymskiy Bridge. Militia disperses demonstrators. ITAR-TASS/ Anatoly Morkovkin
Crowd storms the City Hall. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Gennady Khamelyanin
Crowd storms the City Hall. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Gennady Khamelyanin
Crowd storms the City Hall. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Gennady Khamelyanin
Vice President of the Russian Federation Alexander Rutskoy addresses defenders of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Sergei Mamontov
Vice President of the Russian Federation Alexander Rutskoy addresses defenders of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Sergei Mamontov
Vice President of the Russian Federation Alexander Rutskoy addresses defenders of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Sergei Mamontov
Announcement shown on television screens after an attempted attack on the Ostankino television center by insurgents. The text reads: "Broadcast on channels One and Four intermitted by an armed mob who stormed the building." Photo ITAR-TASS/ Roman Den
Announcement shown on television screens after an attempted attack on the Ostankino television center by insurgents. The text reads: "Broadcast on channels One and Four intermitted by an armed mob who stormed the building." Photo ITAR-TASS/ Roman Den
Announcement shown on television screens after an attempted attack on the Ostankino television center by insurgents. The text reads: "Broadcast on channels One and Four intermitted by an armed mob who stormed the building." Photo ITAR-TASS/ Roman Den
Rally held in fron of the Ostankino television center. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Rally held in fron of the Ostankino television center. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Rally held in fron of the Ostankino television center. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Crowd in front of the Ostankino televisino center. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Anatoliy Morkovkin
Crowd in front of the Ostankino televisino center. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Anatoliy Morkovkin
Crowd in front of the Ostankino televisino center. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Anatoliy Morkovkin
Boris Yeltsin, president of the Russian Federation, addressing the country's citizens. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Boris Kavashkin
Boris Yeltsin, president of the Russian Federation, addressing the country's citizens. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Boris Kavashkin
Boris Yeltsin, president of the Russian Federation, addressing the country's citizens. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Boris Kavashkin
The White House after shelling. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Boris Kavashkin
The White House after shelling. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Boris Kavashkin
The White House after shelling. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Boris Kavashkin
Muscovites witnessing White House assault from nearby roofs. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Roman Denisov
Muscovites witnessing White House assault from nearby roofs. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Roman Denisov
Muscovites witnessing White House assault from nearby roofs. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Roman Denisov
White House assault, October 4, 1993. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Oleg Vlasov
White House assault, October 4, 1993. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Oleg Vlasov
White House assault, October 4, 1993. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Oleg Vlasov
Tanks in front of the White House. Photo AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianchenko
Tanks in front of the White House. Photo AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianchenko
Tanks in front of the White House. Photo AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianchenko
Tanks in front of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Tanks in front of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Tanks in front of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
A group of those besieged in the White House leaves the building. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valeriy Khristoforov
A group of those besieged in the White House leaves the building. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valeriy Khristoforov
A group of those besieged in the White House leaves the building. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valeriy Khristoforov
Storm of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Anatoliy Morkovkin
Storm of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Anatoliy Morkovkin
Storm of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Anatoliy Morkovkin
Muscovites overlook siege of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Muscovites overlook siege of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Muscovites overlook siege of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Participants of the October events run away from a firefight. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Gennadiy Khamelyanin
Participants of the October events run away from a firefight. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Gennadiy Khamelyanin
Participants of the October events run away from a firefight. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Gennadiy Khamelyanin
Tanks at the White House siege. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Gennadiy Khamelyanin
Tanks at the White House siege. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Gennadiy Khamelyanin
Tanks at the White House siege. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Gennadiy Khamelyanin
Burned down trolleybus near the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valentin Kuzmin
Burned down trolleybus near the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valentin Kuzmin
Burned down trolleybus near the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valentin Kuzmin
Muscovites erect flag of the Russian Federation after events which transpired October 3 and 4. Photo AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianchenko
Muscovites erect flag of the Russian Federation after events which transpired October 3 and 4. Photo AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianchenko
Muscovites erect flag of the Russian Federation after events which transpired October 3 and 4. Photo AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianchenko
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August 20, 1993. A meeting is held in front of the The House of Soviets in support of the actions of the Supreme Soviet of Russia and against policies of the President and the Government. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valentin Kuzmin
Alexander Rutskoy takes oath of the President of the Russian Federation at a rush meeting of the Supreve Soviet of Russia, which followed a televised address to the nation made by Boris Yeltsin. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valentin Kuzmin
Viktor Barannikov, Minister of Security and "Shadow Cabinet," and Alexander Rutskoy, Russia's Vice President, among defenders of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Alexander Chumichev
Barricades on Sadovoye Ring. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Krymskiy Bridge. Militia disperses demonstrators. ITAR-TASS/ Anatoly Morkovkin
Crowd storms the City Hall. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Gennady Khamelyanin
Vice President of the Russian Federation Alexander Rutskoy addresses defenders of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Sergei Mamontov
Announcement shown on television screens after an attempted attack on the Ostankino television center by insurgents. The text reads: "Broadcast on channels One and Four intermitted by an armed mob who stormed the building." Photo ITAR-TASS/ Roman Den
Rally held in fron of the Ostankino television center. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Crowd in front of the Ostankino televisino center. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Anatoliy Morkovkin
Boris Yeltsin, president of the Russian Federation, addressing the country's citizens. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Boris Kavashkin
The White House after shelling. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Boris Kavashkin
Muscovites witnessing White House assault from nearby roofs. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Roman Denisov
White House assault, October 4, 1993. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Oleg Vlasov
Tanks in front of the White House. Photo AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianchenko
Tanks in front of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
A group of those besieged in the White House leaves the building. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valeriy Khristoforov
Storm of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Anatoliy Morkovkin
Muscovites overlook siege of the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Igor Zotin
Participants of the October events run away from a firefight. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Gennadiy Khamelyanin
Tanks at the White House siege. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Gennadiy Khamelyanin
Burned down trolleybus near the White House. Photo ITAR-TASS/ Valentin Kuzmin
Muscovites erect flag of the Russian Federation after events which transpired October 3 and 4. Photo AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianchenko

October 3, 1993, Congress of People's Deputies of Russia was disbanded as a result of the constitutional crisis which began in 1992. The internal conflict escalated in a military confrontation between two political forces: President of the Russian Federation Boris Yeltsin and a group of deputies of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation.

The president’s order on the gradual constitutional reform of the Russian Federation sparked the reason for the coup – in essence, it rendered the Supreme Soviet useless. Supporters for the redundant governmental body tried to take over the City Hall and Ostankino television center, the main broadcasting facility in the country. The following day, October 4, Boris Yeltsin issued the order to storm the White House, which was eventually shelled by tanks.

157 died and 384 injured in this event. The majority were civilians.

Boris Yeltsin’s side won that day, which meant that the Soviet power, which ruled the country since 1917, was irrevocably abolished. According to the new constitution, adopted in December of 1993, Russia became a republic with two houses of parliament and a strong presidential institute.

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