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UN SC resolution on Syria chemical weapons provides for measures under Chapter 7 of UN Charter

September 27, 2013, 14:04 UTC+3
They include the use under the UN Security Council decision of both sanctions and military action
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Photo EPA Archive

UNITED NATIONS, September 27 (Itar-Tass) - The draft UN Security Council resolution on Syrian chemical weapons envisages measures under Chapter 7 of the UN Charter in the event of the weapons’ unauthorised use or transfer. Such a provision is included in the text of the document, presented at a meeting of the Security Council on Thursday.

The document provides for measures to be taken under Chapter 7 of the UN Charter, envisages the imposition of sanctions and the use of military force, in the event of non-compliance with the resolution, including the unauthorised transfer of chemical weapons or any use of chemical weapons by anyone in the Syrian Arab Republic. However, such measures are not to be taken automatically - a separate decision of the Council is needed for them, Russian Permanent Representative to the UN, Vitaly Churkin said after the meeting.

“This is not a resolution on Chapter 7. There are no force components in it,” he told Russian reporters, adding that the mentioning of this part of the Charter is only a reference to the possible consideration by the UN Security Council of response measures if violations are exposed. “Obviously, we are not talking about any reports or speculations - only the real violations, the real use of chemical weapons in Syria, if, God forbid, it happens again,” said Churkin.

The Russian ambassador also stressed that “the technical irregularities” would be considered by the Executive Council of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which is expected within a day to approve a plan of liquidation of toxic agents in Syria. If this happens, the draft resolution of the UN Security Council may be put to a vote as early as Friday at 20:00, New York time (04:00 MSK Saturday).

Awaiting the meeting of the OPCW Executive Council the document drafters - Russia and the United States - have left a place in the text for putting the date of the approval of the plan on chemical weapons. Thus, the document states that the Syrian Arab Republic shall fully comply with all aspects of the decision of the OPCW Executive Council of (20 September 2013).

The draft resolution, as was expected, “in the strongest terms” condemns “any use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic, in particular the August 21 attack” in the Damascus suburb Ghouta. The document also stresses that none of the parties in Syria shall use, develop, produce, receive at their disposal, stockpile, keep or transfer chemical weapons.

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