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MOSCOW, April 7 (Itar-Tass) - The World Health Day on Sunday is devoted to hypertension.
“Globally cardiovascular disease accounts for approximately 17 million deaths a year, nearly one third of the total. Of these, complications of hypertension account for 9.4 million deaths worldwide every year. Hypertension is responsible for at least 45% of deaths due to heart disease, and 51% of deaths due to stroke, the World Health Organisation reports.”
In Russia, about 38 percent of the population suffer from high blood pressure.
“The increasing prevalence of hypertension is attributed to population growth, ageing and behavioural risk factors, such as unhealthy diet, harmful use of alcohol, lack of physical activity, excess weight and exposure to persistent stress,” the WHO reports.
The organisation’s information campaign on the World Health Day reads: “People need to know why raised blood pressure is dangerous, and how to take steps to control it. They need to know that raised blood pressure and other risk factors such as diabetes often appear together. To raise this kind of awareness, countries need systems and services in place to promote universal health coverage and support healthy lifestyles: eating a balanced diet, reducing salt intake, avoiding harmful use of alcohol, getting regular exercise and shunning tobacco. Access to good quality medicines, which are effective and inexpensive, is also vital, particularly at the primary care level. As with other noncommunicable diseases, awareness aids early detection while self-care helps ensure regular intake of medication, healthy behaviours and better control of the condition.”