MOSCOW, December 18 (Itar-Tass) — The draft framework Law “On Education in the Russian Federation” on Tuesday is brought up for the second reading in the State Duma lower house of parliament. About 1,700 amendments have been introduced to this landmark document for the main consideration at the house plenary meeting. The main amendments suggest, among other things, that the salary of teachers cannot be less than the average for the economy of an RF region, and that the study of the languages ··of the republics of the Russian Federation should not be conducted at the expense of Russian.
The Duma Committee on Education has repeatedly pointed out that the text comprehensively regulates relations in the sphere of education, addressing current needs of educational practice, the general trends of socio-economic development and global trends in education.
During the work on the draft a norm has been approved in accordance with which Russian government will report annually to the Federal Assembly on the implementation of the state policy in the sphere of education and publish it on the website of the Cabinet.
“I would like to draw particular attention to the fact that a new article will appear in the bill “On Education in the Russian Federation” – the Language (Languages) of Education,” member of the committee, former head of the Federal Education Agency (Rosobrazovaniye) Grigory Balykhin (United Russia) said. “According to the amendments recommended by the lower house Committee, education in the state language that is Russian, is guaranteed in Russia, as well as the choice (of a second) language of training and education,” he explained.
“Moreover, the study of the Russian language should be conducted in accordance with state educational standards,” continued the Committee representative. “The bill separately stipulates that teaching and learning of the state languages ··of the republics may be introduced in educational institutions in the republics of the Russian Federation.” “Moreover, the study of these languages ·· should not be conducted to the detriment of the Russian language,” he added.
“Citizens of the Russian Federation have the right to get education in their native language from the languages ·· of the peoples of Russia, as well as the right to study their native language - within the limits set by the education system. The exercise of this right is ensured by the creation of classes and groups, as well as conditions for their functioning,” Balykhin said.
In addition, amendments prepared for the second reading of the bill clarify the rules relating to the reorganisation and liquidation of educational organisations. Such a decision is made exclusively based on the endorsement of the Committee for the assessment of the impact of such a decision. The order of the creation of the Committee, preparation of its conclusion, will be set by the government. “As for the rural schools, the proposed amendments separately stipulate that a decision on their liquidation or reorganisation is not allowed without the approval of the people of the village,” the lawmaker commented on another important amendment.
The rules relating to the uniform of students have also been clarified. “Schools, the same as now, will be able to set requirements for their students’ clothes - unless otherwise provided by law,” said Balykhin.
Also on Tuesday, the MPs will have to finalise the amendments to the RF Civil Code that are, in fact, its new version. Head of the Duma relevant Committee on civil, criminal, arbitration and procedural legislation Pavel Krasheninnikov (United Russia) said that all parts of the RF Civil Code are subject to changes. “The bill lays down and consistently carries out the principle of good faith in the exercise of civil rights and duties,” said the lawmaker. The document specifies the circle of relations regulated by civil law, including corporate relations. Not only business custom is introduced as a source of civil law, but also any other that meets the same criteria. “For example, a local custom allowing free collection of mushrooms or fishing,” Krasheninnikov said. In addition, the norm requiring notarisation of transactions subject to registration by the State authorities is to be excluded from the RF Civil Code.
In the first reading the house members will consider the recently submitted by the Russian President bill “On the Commissioners for the Rights of Entrepreneurs in Russia.” “One of the principal advantages of the document is that it provides for the appointment to this position with regard to the opinion of the business community,” chairman of the Duma Committee on Economic Policy, innovative development and entrepreneurship Igor Rudensky (United Russia) told journalists earlier. “It is under this procedure - after the preferential voting, opinion survey of major non-governmental organisations, uniting domestic businessmen – that the appointment of Boris Titov was made,” he noted. “And it certainly adds credibility and, therefore, influence to the very institution of Ombudsman for entrepreneurs.” “In addition, the bill provides for the creation of such posts in the region. Moreover, this process is already underway. And it will create for businessmen an additional ‘window’ to turn to for the protection of their rights,” the parliamentarian hopes.
On Tuesday, the State Duma, is also expected to make a number of personnel decisions and appoint four first deputy chairmen of its Committee on Information Policy, information technology and communications (this house Committee is formally headed by member of A Just Russia party Alexei Mitrofanov who is member of the so-called independent group of the faction MPs). Thus for the posts of first deputies of the Committee are proposed Andrei Tumanov (A Just Russia), Vadim Dengin (LDPR), Valentin Shurchanov (CKPRF) and Leonid Levin (the same as Mitrofanov, he is member of the independent MP group, but was proposed for this position by United Russia.