MOSCOW, December 13. /TASS/. The participants in the meeting of the Joint Commission of Iran and the P5+1 (five UN Security Council permanent members plus Germany) held in Vienna on December 13 have reiterated their commitment to the agreement on Tehran’s nuclear program, Russian Foreign Ministry Spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said on Wednesday.
"The parties discussed in detail the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). All members of the Joint Commission reaffirmed their commitment to the consistent implementation of this plan of action. Special emphasis was placed on the need to ensure its effectiveness and sustainability in the long-term perspective," the diplomat said. "The Joint Commission welcomed Iran’s strict compliance with its obligations under the agreements, which is regularly confirmed by the IAEA."
Particular attention during the meeting "was paid to problems related to the uncertainty regarding the future of the JCPOA in light of US President Donald Trump’s decision not to confirm strict compliance with the Plan of Action by Tehran," Zakharova noted. "The Joint Commission members have confirmed unanimously that the JCPOA is based on the fundamental principle of reciprocity, which, in particular, is aimed at promoting the normalization of international trade and economic cooperation with Tehran. Russia’s representatives stressed that neglect of this principle by one of the parties to the agreement puts the Plan’s future into jeopardy," she noted.
On July 14, 2015, Iran and the P5+1 reached an agreement on Tehran’s nuclear program. The plan envisages lifting the sanctions imposed on Iran by the UN and the European Union over its nuclear activities in return for Tehran’s pledge to scale back its nuclear program and place it under international control. On January 16, 2016, it was announced that the implementation of the deal had begun.
During his election campaign and after assuming office, US President Donald Trump criticized the document on numerous occasions arguing that it gives unilateral advantages to Tehran. On October 13, 2017, Trump unveiled a new, tougher strategy for Iran. According to it, the United States will counter Iran’s "destabilizing influence," and urge the international community to pool efforts to exert pressure on the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). Besides, the US leader refused to confirm Tehran’s compliance with the agreement on its nuclear program and promised to seek to amend it.