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MOSCOW, September 9. /TASS/. Russia speaks most actively in favor of UN’s work in the sphere of preventive diplomacy, the foreign minister said in an interview with TASS first deputy director general Mikhail Gusman for his TV film ‘United Nations - 70 Years’ from the Formula of Power series.
"Rich experience in the sphere of peacekeeping has been accumulated and very serious processes are unfolding," Lavrov said. "Quite frequently, UN peacekeeping missions get the mandates that imply in many ways the functions of receivership in the sphere of state administration, security and law enforcement and this puts huge responsibility on them."
"Most typically, these mandates are endorsed after long consultations involving the countries that commit their contingents to the peacekeeping operations in question," he said. "This novelty also appeared in the activity of the UN Security Council not so long ago in the context of its cooperation with the countries that are not its members."
Lavrov also singled out the attention that the UN attaches to the tasks of supporting the countries that are in the phase of reemerging from the conflicts.
"The so-called peacebuilding is a concept that is called upon to take over the relay baton from the peacekeepers and to assist the experts on civil administration and the economy," Lavrov said.
One more area of reforming of the UN concerns human rights. "The agency supervising human rights issues was reformed several years ago and the Human Rights Council was set up," he recalled.
"The Council’s difference from its predecessor consists in ensuring the principle of equality of countries, since the new basic documents of the organization say each country without exception undergoes the procedure of reporting to the Council at regular periods of time in what concerns compliance with the universal documents, which stipulate observance of human rights in each country," Lavrov said.
"Russia has undergone this periodical review two times already and the U.S. was subject of the recently," he said. "These reviews resulted in dozens of recommendations, which are to be answered."
"Now each member without exception submits reports at regular periods of time," Lavrov said. "This is a disciplining measure and it disciplines our Wester counterparts as well, since they try to show themselves off to the rest of the world as exemplary samples to follow in the sphere of human right. Still, it is definitely known that no one is perfect and this applies to the West, too."
The reforms help the UN to promulgate persistently the principles featured in its Charter and to exert influence on international relations, Lavrov said.
He also said a document on further cooperation in the economy, finances and the humanitarian sphere known as the agenda for sustained development through to 2030 would be discussed on the eve of the general debate at the General Assembly session.
"It sets forth the standards that I am sure should be taken account of by the agencies that take decisions on the managing the international monetary and financial system - the World Bank Group and the IMF - while the Group of Twenty will simply be unable to ignore the universal principles of development of the world economy and the social sphere endorsed by all countries," Lavrov said.