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MOSCOW, January 21. /TASS/. Contrary to the 20th century illusions it has turned out that the purpose of 21st century policies is not to build paradise on earth but to prevent an inferno in real life. For this a new global balance of power must be achieved, as follows from the annual report by the international discussion club Valdai entitled War and Peace in the 21st Century. International Stability and a New Type of Balance. A discussion of the report took place at the Valdai Club’s head office in Moscow on Thursday.
The director for research at the Valdai Club Development and Support Fund and the report’s co-author Fyodor Lukyanov, believes that the modern world is now at a turning point, when it is critically important to understand the logic of history and to target politicians’ efforts at ensuring the survival of humanity and strengthening the basis for overall progress.
"We are living through the last days of the post-Cold War order, a period when the existence of nuclear parity guaranteed the global balance of power. True, mutual nuclear deterrence keeps working, but in the context of the Ukrainian and Middle East crises the theme of using nuclear arsenals has begun to be discussed again for the first time over many decades," Lukyanov told TASS.
Dissonance in international relations results in the erosion of previous institutions of running the world order. It breeds chaos, uncontrollability and fear of the future: "A combination of these factors may lead to disaster. The first symptoms are already in sight. First and foremost, the world economy remains feverish. Estrangement between the masses of the population and the political elites of their respective countries produced a situation where the terrorist organization calling itself the Islamic State unveiled its beastly image to the whole world and laid claim to revising borders, political systems, social relations and benchmark values. The migrant crisis in Europe belongs here, too, just as the low effectiveness of efforts by the world community to overcome modern threats."
"To resist the new challenges humanity is faced with politicians should devise the least risky system of mutual relations. That a mono-polar world has failed to materialize is a hard fact. Time is ripe to say goodbye to the delusion the world can be built in pyramid fashion," Lukyanov believes.
In a situation like this it is critically important to put international relations in order. The authors of the report believe that for this it is essential to build a balance of power between the major groups of international actors, strictly speaking, between the Greater West (the US and its partners) and Greater Eurasia (involving China, Russia and the countries of the region leaning on them). It is going to be not new bipolarity, but the dialectics of diverging and converging interests. Inter-dependence and acute competition do not rule out each other, but go hand in hand, thus creating a powerful synergy. If this trend gains momentum, there will emerge conditions for lasting global unity amid continuing competition.
"The current balance of two major centres of power - the Greater West and Greater Eurasia - is the most desirable picture of a future world," Lukyanov said.
The International Discussion Club Valdai was established in 2004. Over years more than a thousand scholars from 62 countries around the world participated in its activities.
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