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Modiano's works centre on topics such as memory, loss of identity and guilt. His tales are often built on an autobiographical foundation or on events that took place during the German occupation of France in World War Two.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences honoured the author “for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation”.
Modiano, born on July 30, 1945 in a Paris suburb, made his debut as a writer in 1968 with La Place de l'Etoile, a novel that attracted much attention.
He has published more than 40 works in French, some of which have been translated into English, including “Ring of Roads: A Novel,” “Villa Triste”, “A Trace of Malice” and “Honeymoon”.
His novel “Missing Person” won the French literary accolade Prix Goncourt in 1978. In 2012, he won the Austrian State Prize for European Literature.
Modiano becomes the 11th Nobel Literature prize-winner born in France.
On October 6, British-American John O’Keefe, and Norwegian scientists Mary-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser won the Nobel Prize in Physiology for discovering a positioning system in the human brain.
On October 7, Japanese scientists Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura won the Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs).
On October 8, American researchers Eric Betzig and William Moerner and Germany’s Stefan Hell were awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine for overcoming the resolution limits of optical microscopy and bringing it down to the nanoscale.
The Nobel Peace Prize laureate will be announced on October 10.