The large-scale ERA-GLONASS project was launched in Russia in 2011. This road accident urgent response system that uses Russia’s global navigator GLONASS envisages the introduction of the single 112 emergency phone number in the country. The project is implemented in conjunction with the Social GLONASS program that will help aged people and persons with impaired vision to find the needed route, and parents to be always in the now where their children are.
The first GLONASS satellite was launched in 1982, and the orbital constellation was put into operation in 1993. The GLONASS constellation now comprises 28 spacecraft. The position finding precision is 2.8 metres. The navigation system is broadly uses by the Emergency Situations Ministry, Interior Ministry, medical services in more than 50 Russian regions.