The lizards are perfect for such experiments, as they provide the scientists with the information regarding bones’ demineralization in space, Roscosmos experts told ITAR-TASS. These reptiles stick to any type of surface thanks to the special microscopic hooks on its legs, so the gravity hardly affects them. Moreover, researchers are able to use geckos in space experiments with minimal food and oxygen supplies due to the lizards’ specific metabolism.
Satellites Foton and Foton-M were created by Russian Space Center Progress. The first Foton-type spacecraft was put into orbit in 1985. Modern satellites, of course, differ from the previous ones, which used to be supplied with electricity from chemical sources and their flights lasted no longer than 20 days. The new Foton-M4, weighting 6.8 tonnes, works on solar batteries, which contributes greatly to the satellite’s life cycle. Besides that, now it became possible to change the satellite’s orbit parameters with a special mechanism.