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GROZNY, May 29 (Itar-Tass) —— The anti-extremist declaration, adopted at the conference Islamic Doctrine against Radicalism in the Chechen capital Grozny, is of tremendous importance to Muslims in Russia and elsewhere, the head of the Chechen Republic, Ramzan Kadyrov, said on Tuesday.
“The declaration concerning the issues of jihad, the application of Sharia laws and the interpretation of the term caliphate, formulated by Islamic scholars, whose opinion is of great authority not only in Russia and in the Caucasus, but the world over, is of tremendous importance to both Russian and foreign Muslims. I do hope that the radically-minded part of youth in Russia will turn an attentive ear to the opinion of authoritative Islamic scholars,” Kadyrov said.
He thanked the delegates to the forum for visiting the Chechen republic.
At the conference Islamic Doctrine against Radicalism theologians and scholars formulated a standard interpretation of such terms as jihad (diligence on the path of Islam), takfir (accusation of disbelieve and withdrawal from Islam) and caliphate (historical concept of Islamic statehood), which are most often understood as radical ones.
The organizers of and participants in the conference are certain that it is the wrong interpretation of these terms that causes the radicalization of Muslims around the world, which, in turn, serves as a pretext for distorting the true image of Islam and for inciting Islamophobic sentiment.
The document gives a clear definition of jihad and imposes a ban on murder and violence. The declaration explains the impermissibility of violence by Muslims against representatives of other confessions and ideologists, as well as people of the same faith. Also, it declares as impermissible the radical interpretations of the basics of Islam concerning the issues of war and peace, and also encroachments on human rights and freedoms, violations of the laws of the host country and declaration of armed struggle against the bodies of state power.
The declaration will be distributed in all countries where there are Muslim communities. The main principles of the document will be taught at Islamic institutes and be made an integral part of official theological literature.
Taking part in the conference were Kuwait’s Deputy Minister for the Affairs of Religion and Vakufs Abdel al-Falah, researcher at the World Center Al Wasatiyya, of Kuwait Moustafa Yahiy, General Secretary of the Supreme council for the Affairs of Religions of Saudi Arabia, Saleh ben Hussein el Ayed, General Secretary of the World Union of Muslim Scholars and deputy head of the European Council of Fatwa and Research Ali Mouhi ad-Din and other spiritual leaders of the Islamic world, theologians and experts on Islam.
The first round of the conference was held in Moscow on May 25-26. The forum’s organizers were the international center Al-Wasatiyya (of Kuwait) the education center Al-Wasatiyah-Moderation (of Russia), and the International Union of Islamic Scholars, uniting an overwhelming majority of Islamic theologians. The Foundation of Support for the Islamic Culture, Science and Education and the Akhmat-haji Kadyrov provided assistance.